Dallmeier CCTV Observation Kits(1)
The VMC-2 Dallmeier offers a new Video Management Centre with touch screen for the convenient and intuitive control of video systems. The Video Management Centre VMC-2 stands out due to its ergonomic and intelligent design. It is made up of a touch screen, a joystick and a jog-shuttle. The individual components are modular and flexible, i.e. they are freely positionable and thus ideally suited for both left- and right-handed operators. Moreover, it is possible to use the components independently as stand-alone devices. The VMC-2 is compatible with SeMSy® III video management systems and is DIN EN 50130-4 compliant. VMC joystick By using the joystick, the security operator is able to control movable cameras conveniently. Pan, tilt and zoom movements can be carried out intuitively. With just a single click on the joystick button, the camera automatically moves back to its home position. If the mode is switched, the joystick can also be used as a mouse, which allows an easy menu control. VMC touch The touch screen enables a simple and convenient multi-touch control. The intuitive user interface allows the security operator for instance to activate live streams or to control PTZ cameras precisely. Furthermore, the playback of recordings and the initiation of backups can be controlled conveniently. In addition, an enhanced snapshot function can be used for individual marks and comments directly in the image. VMC jog-shuttle The jog-shuttle is ideally suited to find certain frames in a video sequence quickly. By rotating the central jog-dial, the security operator can conveniently move through individual frames. Using the shuttle-ring surrounding the jog-shuttle, the scenes can subsequently be replayed forward or backward at different speeds.Add to Compare
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In the physical security space, video analytics have historically over-promised and under-delivered, often leaving end users sceptical about their capabilities. However, increased integration with security solutions and other business systems, as well as developments in deep learning and artificial intelligence (AI), have given video analytics a significant boost in recent years. Here, we take a look at the key trends putting video analytics in the spotlight, and how this opens up new opportunities for increased security and business intelligence. Deep learning and AI will enhance video analytics capabilities At the start of 2018, our security industry experts commented on how deep learning technology and Artificial Intelligence (AI) would extend to the video surveillance industry, allowing security professionals to gain very specific insights into human behaviour. Our experts predicted that this would permit organisations to reduce risk, enable efficiencies, reduce costs, ensure compliance and provide faster access to stored video. With AI-enables video systems, video analytics are set to perform more complex applications at a higher level of accuracy. Image processing developments allow intelligent analytics According to Ambarella’s Chris Day, advancing chip technology combined with the neural network approach to computer vision is game changing for video analytics. Since the problem of higher resolution has already been solved, the key differentior for video surveillance systems will be the ability to add computer vision in parallel with image processing and high-resolution encoding – ideally in a chip that is low-power. Integration with security systems increases video analytics value Video systems produce an immense amount of data that is often wasted, says Bosch Security Systems’ Sean Murphy. When video analytics alerts are integrated with other security systems, video events can trigger responses from other parts of the security solution. For example, cameras with video analytics can initiate intrusion detection system events initiate intrusion detection system events, prompting the panel to take action by alerting the central station or sending video to security personnel. Video analytics add value with actionable business intelligence Adding network video to the current generation of Internet of Things (IoT) solutions provides actional value beyond situational intelligence for security purposes. With increasingly intelligent sensors, interactions between business systems are becoming more sophisticated, providing a value greater than the sum of the parts. Organisations can use smart applications to reduce energy consumption, allocate workspace, and reduce operating costs. In a retail environment, analytics are now capable of assessing a scene for occupancy and crowd control, even generating reports of trends over time. Video analytics detect abnormalities to predict incidents Camera-based video analytics can go beyond assessing a current scene to predicting potential risks before they occur, explains Pelco’s Jonathan Lewitt. Based on predetermined factors or analysis of prior events, systems can collect all available information to determine the level of severity of a situation and whether an action needs to be taken. At the same time, systems can correlate data from video and other sources to help analyse similar occurrences in the future. Video analytics increasingly supplemented with audio analytics Audio analytics are often overlooked, notes Hanwha Techwin’s Paul Kong, perhaps due to differing privacy laws from video surveillance. However, audio analytics processed in a camera can help provide a secondary layer of verification for events, as well as identifying gunshots, screams, or other sounds indicating an incident is taking place. This makes audio analytics ideal for dealing with active shooter events at schools and campuses. As Louroe Electronics’ Richard Brent explains, audio analytics software can detect rising levels of human aggression, as well as recognising firearm discharge. This can trigger alerts to ensure incidents are dealt with swiftly.
According to IHS Market, it is estimated that there are over 60 million security cameras in the United States, and other reports say these cameras capture more than four billion hours of footage per week. Over the last decade, IP camera technology has dominated the conversation as it has provided users with a broad offering of enhanced image quality and features. With a large percentage of existing security systems relying on analogue, many end users looking for high definition (HD) video quality have been forced to take on a complete system overhaul. Infrastructure overhaul for HD video To make the switch, customers would need to change everything, from cameras to hardware to wiring– not to mention the lengthy installation process that would ensue. IP cameras also require higher Internet speeds and more cloud space. Whether constrained by budget, bandwidth or storage, many end users have been unable to adopt this new video surveillance method.Thanks to technological advancements within the security industry, HD over Coax offers a viable solution for integrators and end users alike Thanks to technological advancements within the security industry, HD over Coax offers a viable solution for integrators and end users alike. By utilising the current Coaxial cables, this offering yields high definition video, while requiring minimal infrastructure changes and is an optimal surveillance choice for security customers. Plus, with new advancements and updates being made frequently to this technology, there is a solution for every security need. The enhanced alternative of HD over Coax has been warmly welcomed in the security industry, thanks to its simple solutions and ever-evolving features. Many new analogue HD cameras are “plug and play,” able to connect directly to existing Coaxial cables. This eliminates the need for a complete system change, creating cost-savings for the end user and an enhanced video quality offering. Easy solutions for HD video As a result, integrators can cost-effectively upgrade their customer’s surveillance solution while using their legacy infrastructure, making it an attractive option for end users and an easy sell for dealers. Latency in video is another common issue with network-based camera systems, where even the slightest delay in video surveillance can hinder security response HD over Coax cameras themselves are always expanding and evolving to meet a wide array of security needs. With the introduction of fisheye and multi-sensor cameras, users now have a multitude of coverage options, not to mention the introduction of 4K bringing resolution options to the same level as IP. Some newer technologies are even touting 4K cameras paired with 4K digital video recorders (DVRs) made specifically for analogue systems. Longer cables grant transmission for up to 1600 feet, double the distance of standard analogue solutions, and triple that of IP systems. This single cable is able to transmit both HD video and audio. Recently, broadcast quality audio over Coax has become available in limited models, a substantial improvement over older analogue technology, which was unable to transmit audio. Stopping video delay Latency in video is another common issue with network-based camera systems. Even the slightest delay in video surveillance can hinder security response. IP cameras are forced to compress and packetise their video for transmission. The outcome of this is a reduced number of images per video, which in turn causes delay. HD over Coax on the other hand, delivers an unlimited amount of HD images in real time, with smooth motion and impressive clarity. Additionally, the point-to-point transmission delivers uncompressed video free of lag. Another touted benefit is that, unlike IP networked cameras, analogue systems provide a more secure video transmission. With so much sensitive information housed on a businesses’ network, adding another point of network access through an IP camera can create concerns for cyber security risks. HD over Coax delivers an unlimited amount of HD images in real time, with smooth motion and impressive clarity Preventing network hacking With HD over Coax, the physical connections between the camera and DVR prevent network hacking. By keeping the video surveillance system offline, security professionals are able to direct their attention to the physical threats at hand, rather than having to focus on deterring cyber security risks. One of the primary difficulties of deploying HD video solutions is the fact that many older systems utilise a wide variety of HD standards and platforms. To make matters more complicated, after HD over Coax was brought to market, manufacturers raced to create their own version of this technology. Today, the most popular proprietary standards are HD-CVI, HD-TVI and AHD. However, integrators and customers found that attempting to manage multiple HD technologies proved to be near impossible.Integrators and customers found that attempting to manage multiple HD technologies proved to be near impossible Diversifying surveillance through one DVR To combat these issues, manufacturers have introduced products with more flexibility to their portfolios. One example of this is the penta-brid DVR which grants the ability to seamlessly integrate multiple technologies deployed across one application. This means that systems with diverse camera brands and technologies, such as a mix of HD-CVI, HD-TVI, AHD, analogue or IP, can be connected through one DVR. For many end users with legacy analogue systems, penta-brid DVRs give them greater freedom to choose between a variety of solutions, rather than being limited to one option. With video resolution increasing, the space needed to store the footage is similarly rising. Penta-brid technology has been able to adapt to these evolving needs, giving users ample storage space to house the HD and 4K surveillance video with some of the newest models including H.265 compression. HD casino surveillance made simple For casinos, HD images are critical for identifying unauthorised personnel and unlawful behaviours to create a safe environment for guests and staff While HD over Coax is beneficial to many end users and integrators, those in the casino and hospitality markets find it crucial. With a combination of high profile guests, large amounts of cash on hand, constant crowds and strict industry regulations, reliable video surveillance is a must. Deploying new IP systems comes at a stiff price. When looking to upgrade their video surveillance, casinos must also be mindful of the installation process. When moving to an IP-based system, ripping out old wires and replacing them with new is the standard practice. This practice can be both disruptive and costly, not to mention gaming regulations require casino activities be monitored at all times so a complete system shutdown would result in revenue loss. This cost can be hard to justify, especially when the current legacy analogue system remains in working condition with only the lower image resolution to date it. For these scenarios, the most cost-effective option is to leverage the legacy infrastructure, replace the existing cameras with new devices, and reap the benefits that HD video has to offer without any lapse in security. For casinos, HD images are critical for identifying unauthorised personnel and unlawful behaviours to create a safe environment for guests and staff. HD over Coax cameras now offer the same resolution as IP cameras with a plug and play approach, that cuts down on expense without sacrificing quality. For businesses and applications that are unable to adopt IP technology, whether it be cost or time prohibitive, HD over Coax now features most of the same benefits IP has to offer without breaking the bank. By providing clear images in real time, maximising existing infrastructure, and affording cyber security benefits, HD over Coax provides an attractive solution for many end users and integrators.
It had been a particularly slow night. The plant security guard had just made his rounds on this Sunday evening shift. As soon as he passed the weighing scales, he could enter the guard shack and get off his feet. Challenging a curious incident However, on this night, he noticed the waste vendor’s truck sitting half on and half off the scale. He stopped dead in his tracks to see if the truck would back up and completely sit on the scale. It never did. The observant guard walked up to the truck and challenged the driver who seemed surprised. “Hey, you’re not weighing your truck properly.” The driver fumbled for a response before replying, “Sorry, I was on the phone with a friend. I didn’t notice it.” But this security guard had the presence of mind to demand the driver’s phone. The driver was caught off guard and surrendered the phone. The guard then pulled up the most recent incoming/outgoing calls and saw no calls during the last 30 minutes. “I don’t think so.” “You don’t think so what?” The security guard was frank, “You haven’t used this phone in over half an hour.” The truck driver sheepishly acknowledged the fact. It was decided to install CCTV covering the weighing area and scales – no easy feat due to poor lighting Preventing crime as it happens Knowing the driver was lying, the security guard ordered the truck back on the scale for a correct weighing and advised the driver that he would report the incident. The security guard wrote up his report and handed it off to his supervisor who, in turn, contacted the local corporate investigator. This investigator was soon on the phone with his boss at corporate headquarters on the other side of the world. Together with Security, they decided to install CCTV covering the weighing area and scales – no easy feat due to poor lighting. However, once completed, they waited. They would not have to wait long. For the next two months, the waste vendor trucks, filled to the brim with production waste, black-and-white paper and other waste products from the plant, would stop on the scale only for a moment and then drive the front half of the truck off the scale for weighing. It was obvious that the vendor was cheating the company by only paying for half the waste. After two months, it was decided to catch the next cheating driver “en flagrante.” Sure enough, the next truck went half on and half off the scale and was weighed. Security then asked the unsuspecting driver to park his truck and invited him inside the building to talk to a supervisor. The driver signed an incriminating statement about the scheme and his role therein. They sent him on his way asking him to keep it quiet Waiting for the driver in a large office was the local investigator and his close friend, the Head of Security. After a difficult interview, the driver admitted to cheating on the scales over a two-year period—he claimed that some of the scale cheating was done at the direction of the vendor’s management, while some of it he did himself by “ripping off” the vendor—which he acknowledged was dangerous. Working with authorities The driver signed an incriminating statement about the scheme and his role therein. They sent him on his way asking him to keep it quiet—they would see what they could do for him later on. In the meantime, Corporate Investigations had received a due diligence report on the vendor company which contained disturbing news—the company and its managers were associated with a countrywide waste management mafia. The report suggested that the vendor had a reputation for thefts and involvement in numerous lawsuits regarding thefts and embezzlement. Shockingly, no prior due diligence had ever been conducted on the vendor. Fortunately, the plant’s finance and audit team had maintained good records over the past 5 years and were able to re-construct the amount of waste going out the plant door and the amounts being claimed and paid for by the vendor. The discrepancy and loss stood at a multi-million dollar figure. After consulting with the local police authorities and company lawyers, it was decided to pursue a civil case against the vendor. Pursuing legal action The regional lawyer, the Head of Investigations, the Head of Security and the CFO invited the vendor to discuss the problem. Some of the evidence was shown to the vendor’s CEO who became indignant and, in order to save face, promised to fire the truck drivers and to repay any losses for the last two months. Inter-dependent entities - security, investigations, finance/audit and legal - combined their resources and agendas to form a unified front That was not enough for the company and a protracted legal battle ensued which lasted several years and resulted in the vendor’s paying almost the entire amount in instalments. The vendor was dropped from the contract and internal controls strengthened—the only plant employee dealing with the waste issue left the company and was replaced by two individuals. The plant also began paying more attention to the waste process and less to the production side. Several “lessons learned” come to mind. First, the tripwire came in the person of an astute and well-trained security guard who exhibited some of the best characteristics you want to see from men and women in that profession. The Security Department was also adept at installing the CCTV and capturing the fraud live on videotape. But a far greater lesson was learned—of what can happen when inter-dependent entities (security, investigations, finance/audit and legal) within a company combine their resources and agendas to form a unified front. The results speak for themselves.
Hardly any other topic is creating as much excitement as Artificial Intelligence (AI) at the moment. High expectations and extravagant promises abound, particularly in the field of video security technology: Here, the ideas about what it can do range from detecting unusual behaviours such as attacks on individuals to recognising individual faces even in large crowds of people to automatic detection of the proverbial ‘bomb in a suitcase’. The Regensburg-based company Dallmeier has been working on and with AI technologies for years, and has now published four practical statements intended to help customers and providers to make a realistic assessment of AI. Video security technology People often ignore the fact that new technologies always require public debate and changes to very real framework conditions At the beginning of a hype cycle, when innovations are being introduced, people often ignore the fact that new technologies always require public debate and changes to very real framework conditions before they can be implemented wholesale. The still unresolved problem in autonomous driving – when it comes to accidents where the car has to make potentially fatal decisions – has become an almost classic example. There are similar unresolved questions when AI is used in video security technology: How much freedom to decide should a system be given? What quality criteria will be established for detecting objects, for example? Who is to be held accountable when an attack is not detected, for example, even though the expectation may possibly exist already among the people? What reaction times will be defined, by when must response teams reach the site in the event of an ‘AI alarm’? Are there even enough personnel available for the potential new intervention and search options? How are the many ‘false positives’ to be handled when facial recognition is used to find a suspect, for example? Video analysis systems Technical systems are becoming more and more complex. This is why it is essential to evaluate all of the parameters that affect the performance of a whole solution. The IT axiom ‘garbage in, garbage out’ is most apposite in this context: Neural networks for classifying objects or processes or good facial recognition software can only deliver results that are consistent with the quality of the video image they receive: AI-based video analysis systems can only be as good as the camera systems that capture the images for them. In this context, it will be particularly important to be able to define and plan minimum picture qualities properly in all parts of the video image, plan camera angles correctly, and consider many other details. And the person behind the system must be also be included in the overall consideration with regard to qualification and organisational questions. In short: Unless all factors are tuned to work together, it will not be possible to ensure compliance with standards – which by the way have not even been defined yet! Perimeter protection Initial deployment scenarios and functioning solutions already exist, whether it be in the optimisation and analysis of analogue processes With all due caution: It goes without saying that Artificial Intelligence will play a decisive role in video technology – or may even become a core component of the discipline. Initial deployment scenarios and functioning solutions already exist, whether it be in the optimisation and analysis of analogue processes, e.g., at a casino gaming table, in the improved classification of objects for perimeter protection, or in the assisted tracking of individuals in the context of urban surveillance. The key point in all of these systems: Today and probably for a long time to come a human is still at the centre – the operator, the policeman, the forensic specialist. And it is for these functions that AI in video technology now already delivers useful assistance systems. They are being improved rapidly and take over tedious, error-prone tasks. But contrary to all the advertising features on YouTube, automatic location of a planted ‘suitcase bomb’ in complex circumstances is still well beyond current technological capabilities. Technical innovation Every technical innovation is predestined to contend with ambiguous definitions, exaggerated expectations and variable interpretations of its capabilities: No one ‘really knows’, but everyone involved has an opinion. This is why it is important to examine and question closely: Which functions are market-ready and implementable – even if a little tweaking is needed –, and what is still purely in the realm of research? Particularly with a view to strategic decisions and investments, prospective users should always begin by asking themselves whether a given result can be expected in twelve months, five years, or ever. Otherwise, they run the risk of losing sight of obvious solutions to pressing problems.
Fraud, high operating costs and scarce business intelligence data – these are the challenges the industry pioneer Dallmeier addressed with its ‘Smart Casino Solutions’ at ICE London 2019. Dallmeier’s combination of video technology and artificial intelligence (AI) to improve profitability of the three essential casino areas – gaming, surveillance, and marketing – led to an extremely positive response from ICE visitors. Dallmeier’s Casino Automation Technology (CAT) is the first gaming automation system that is live in a productive environment. It is currently available for Baccarat and Blackjack and uses AI technologies and standard Full HD IP cameras to recognise chips and cards, provide real-time information about bet position and bet value, game pace and float value etc. CAT allows for a highly increased game pace, a much more effective protection from fraud and an accurate player rating CAT allows for a highly increased game pace, a much more effective protection from fraud and an accurate player rating, to name just a few key functionalities. Combining CCTV technology with AI Konrad Hechtbauer, managing director of Dallmeier International, states: “We were especially happy to hear from our visitors that they appreciate our approach to build on established, existing technology – i.e. CCTV – and combine it with artificial intelligence applications. With CAT, we open up a treasure of data that finally allow them to make much more informed decisions to maximise their profitability regarding table games.” Many casinos still install huge numbers of PTZ and fisheye cameras, creating a more and more complex environment with questionable image quality and security effect. With the new 360-degree version of Dallmeier patented Panomera camera technology, casino operators can cover much larger areas with the same number of operators while at the same time significantly improving overall security due to a 360-degree, high resolution view of the overall scene. In case of an incident, multiple operators can zoom in at the same time resolving complex scenarios – but without losing the overall picture both in live and recording as it is the case with PTZ cameras. Achieving security goals at lower cost With our new 360-degree solution, customers achieve their security goals better at a lower cost" Konrad Hechtbauer states: “Despite all the great options that AI-based gaming automation technologies like our CAT system offer, casinos still have to fulfil their requirements for classical security and safety. With our new 360-degree solution, customers achieve their security goals better at a lower cost. And at the same time lay the foundation to use the very same cameras as ‘optical data sensors’ for all sorts of business intelligence applications. Quite a few of our booth visitors told us that with Dallmeier’s new 360-degree-version of the Panomera camera technology, they finally see the chance to save their casinos money in a field that is commonly known as a ‘cost driver’.” Improving overall profitability By intelligently combining video technology-based functions (e.g. people counting, crowd analysis, face recognition and many more) with AI based gaming automation technologies and other analysis techniques, casinos can significantly improve their overall profitability. Konrad Hechtbauer explains: “Gathering, analysing and understanding those data help casinos better plan their business and make more informed decisions based on the behaviour and preferences of their visitors and players.”
Many casino operators still struggle with undetected fraud and theft, high operating costs and inefficient, manual processes. At the same time, business intelligence data are scarce and a huge potential for optimising business processes remains untapped. The ‘Smart Casino Solutions’ from industry pioneer Dallmeier promise a holistic approach to solve these challenges with an innovative combination of video technology and Artificial Intelligence (AI). At ICE London 2019, Stand S9-242, Dallmeier will showcase solutions for the three essential casino areas Gaming, Surveillance and Marketing. Due to their ‘analogue’ nature, classic table games such as Blackjack were previously difficult to integrate into data processing and analysis. Dallmeier’s Casino Automation Technology (CAT) – the first gaming automation system that is live in a productive environment – uses AI technologies and standard Full HD IP cameras to gather all sorts of data. Effective protection By doing so, CAT offers a wide variety of insights and automation of core gaming processes: The system recognises chips and cards, provides real-time information about bet position and bet value, game pace and float value, to name just a few key functionalities. For the first time, this now allows for an accurate player rating, highly increased game pace and a much more effective protection from fraud. CAT is available for Baccarat and Blackjack. CAT for Blackjack will be showcased on fixed appointments only at ICE. Large areas have to be monitored to protect guests, players, employees and the casino’s inventory Furthermore, classic surveillance and CCTV also play a major role in casinos: Large areas have to be monitored to protect guests, players, employees and the casino’s inventory. With the new 360-degree version of the patented Panomera multifocal sensor system, casino operators can cover much larger areas with the same number of operators while at the same time significantly improving overall security due to high resolution, 360-degree view of the overall scene. Informed decisions In case of an incident, operators can zoom into scenes like with a PTZ camera – but without losing the overall picture both in live and recording. Also, multiple operators can zoom in at the same time resolving complex scenarios. All this reduces the cost for video security infrastructure enormously, leading to a significant lower Total Cost of Ownership (TCO). The Smart Casino Solutions from Dallmeier are rounded off by their marketing aspect. By intelligently combining video technology-based functions (e.g. people counting) with AI based gaming automation technologies and other analysis techniques, casinos can get access to a formerly hidden treasure of data. Gathering, analysing and understanding those data help casinos better plan their business and make more informed decisions based on the behaviour and preferences of their visitors and players.
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