Access Control combining economy and the highest level of security
Access Control combining economy and the highest level of security

At IFSEC 2010 Borer demonstrated access control solutions, employing combined Smartcard and Biometric Authentication; with all door equipment including electric release powered over a single CAT5 cable. The combination of biometrics, secure authentication and Power over Ethernet technology provides a very high level of security together with significant lifetime cost savings when compared to alternative systems.Borer's unique smart power delivery and management system using 'Power over Ethernet' (PoE) technology delivers both substantial energy savings and a significant reduction in the cost of installation and subsequent system maintenance. Users can save in the region of £50 per year per door in energy costs alone compared to many alternative systems. In addition the delivery of both power and data over CAT5e structured cabling means that you don't need to install a mains spur at every door, saving between £200- £600 per door on a retrofit. There are also savings to be made on the cost of installation and maintenance, as there is no requirement for a door controller, power supply/battery charger or batteries local to the door.Unlike many other solutions where Biometric details are held on a central database, Borer holds these templates on the card ensuring that cardholders retain possession of their personal data at all times. On enrolment cardholder data together with PIN, biometric template(s) and a digital image are written directly to a DESFire smartcard.Up to 16 separate encrypted files containing cardholder identity, PIN, biometric template(s), digital photograph, qualifications, etc. can be written to the card's memory.  The cardholder's details including biometric template are protected using 3DES or AES encryption ensuring that they cannot be compromised.The card reader supports three factor authentication using combinations of identification including card, card + PIN, card + biometric, card + PIN + biometric.When a card is presented for authentication at the reader; fingerprint template(s) are read from the card and passed to the biometric reader for comparison. Only when a cardholder's identity and the fingerprint read from their card match is access granted.

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Borer add USB connected smart card reader/writer to their family of Network ready smart card readers
Borer add USB connected smart card reader/writer to their family of Network ready smart card readers

Following the successful introduction of the combined biometric and smartcard reader Borer are now adding a USB connected smart card reader/writer to their family of Network ready smart card readers. Aesthetically pleasing with a sleek black, desktop wedge housing just 45 mm wide, the Fusion USB proximity card reader connects directly to a PC via the standard USB Interface. It can be used for cardholder enrolment, to write cardholder details including the Cardholder Unique Identity (CHUID), PIN and optionally biometric templates (finger-print or iris). A digital photograph of the cardholder can also be written to the card. The card reader can also be configured as read only to prevent unauthorised data being written to a card. The FUSION USB Card Reader/Writer supports industry standard (ISO 14443A and B - Mifare and DESFire, ISO 7803-4 and ISO 15693) where a card can be used for a variety of applications including access control, attendance recording, travel card and cashless vending. All data written to the card is heavily encrypted using secure 3DES or AES encryption ensuring that the data held on the card can only be accessed by authorised users. Unlike many other solutions where biometric details are held on a central database, Borer holds these templates on the card ensuring that cardholders retain possession of their personal data at all times. Because the cardholders' personal and biometric information are held on a smartcard rather than on a central database or in the reader's memory, the system can support an unlimited number of cardholders and biometric templates. The card reader firmware is field upgradeable so that new firmware can be downloaded to the reader head enabling new applications or generations of smart cards to be supported.

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Borer introduces the combined Smartcard reader and controller which supports Power over Ethernet
Borer introduces the combined Smartcard reader and controller which supports Power over Ethernet

Borer Data Systems intelligent ‘FUSION Smartcard Reader' is a door entry solution for use in networked access control applications.Aesthetically pleasing with a sleek black housing and just 45mm wide, the FUSION Smartcard Reader has full card validation and decision making capabilities at the point of entry, eliminating the need for a separate control panel, wall box and mains power supply at each door bringing significant cost savings at the time of installation and over the lifetime of the product.One of the most impressive features is that Firmware updates can be automatically downloaded directly to the reader head over the LAN enabling new generations of smart cards to be supported when they are introduced (e.g. move from Mifare to DESFire).The FUSION Smartcard reader beings support for industry standard (ISO 14443A and B - Mifare and DESfire, ISO 15693) technologies where a single card can be used for a range of applications including: access control, attendance recording banking, travel card and cashless vending.Key Features: Complete Single Door Access Control Solution in one reader headLarge Database with a capacity of up to 120,000 card holders/transactions at the reader enabling access decisions to be made at the reader head. Secure Database, all cardholder details are heavily encrypted to prevent manipulation or misuse of dataFuture Proof - Firmware updates are automatically downloaded directly to the reader head over the LAN enabling new smart card standards to be supported when they are introduced.User Programmable open format Mifare cards which, unlike systems that use proprietary and exclusive formats, eliminates single supplier dependence and benefits the user with lower cost for replacement cardsEliminates the Need for a separate control panel, wall box and power supply reducing component count, bespoke cabling requirements and installation complexity and associated costs Two bicolour LEDs and polyphonic sounder gives clear user feedback when a card is presentedWorks with Borer Midspan Bridge technology to deliver power and data to the door over a single CAT5e/6 cableTCP/IP Network Connection via Borer Bridge facilitates direct connectivity to the access central management system and database ‘Power over Ethernet' Technology manages energy supply to the lock, extends the lock life and reduce the amount of energy consumed at the door by up to 80% ‘Plug and Play' makes for faster installation & commissioningEnergy Savings - Save from £20 per door per annum on energy costs. 

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Access control readers - Expert commentary

Entrance control vs access control: similarities and differences
Entrance control vs access control: similarities and differences

Entrance control and access control - of the physical kind - are common terms in the security industry which are often used interchangeably, but should they be? Having worked both sides of the fence, with previous roles at TDSi and HID and now the Major Accounts and Marketing Manager at Integrated Design Limited, Tony Smith highlights the subtle but important differences between these two terms and the systems they refer to, outlining how they should work together to achieve optimal security. Access control is a system which provides discriminating authentication Access control provides a discriminating authentication process and comprises the software or hardware that defines the criteria for acceptance or denial Used to describe a system which performs identification of users and authentication of their credentials (deciding whether or not the bearer of those credentials is permitted admission) access control is an incredibly broad term. Access control provides a discriminating authentication process and comprises the software or hardware that defines the criteria for acceptance or denial of an individual to a restricted area. Entrance control – such as security turnstiles - takes the output of that validation and has the capability to see whether that criteria is being adhered to, either granting or denying access as appropriate. Entrance control is the hardware responsible for keeping people honest If access control verifies authorised personnel using their credentials – their face, fingerprints, PIN number, fob, key card etc – and decides whether or not they are permitted access, entrance control is the hardware which enforces that decision by making users present their credentials in the correct way, either opening to allow pedestrian access or remaining closed to bar entry and potentially raising an alarm. For example, a card reader acts as an access control device, recognising the card holder as having the correct permissions and saying ‘yes, this person can pass’. But, it’s the entrance control system – a turnstile, for example – which actually physically allows or denies access. Physical access and video surveillance Some entrance control systems don’t feature a physical barrier, however. Fastlane Optical turnstiles will not physically stop an unauthorised person from passing through, and instead alarm when someone fails to present valid credentials, alerting security staff that a breach has occurred. These kinds of turnstiles are suited to environments which just need to delineate between the public and secure side of an entrance, with less need to physically prevent unauthorised users from entering. State of the art access control integrations have been installed for award-winning complex, The Bower It’s also possible to capture video footage of any incidents, allowing security personnel to identify users failing to abide by the access control system’s rules, using It’s also possible to capture video footage of incidents, allowing security personnel to identify users failing to abide by access control system rules the footage to decide on the level of response required. The breach could have been the result of a member of staff being in a hurry and failing to show their card before passing through, in which case they can be reminded about the security protocol. Or, it could be an unidentified person who needs to be escorted from the premises. Entrance control and access control working together For optimum security, access control and entrance control should work together, with the entrance control system enhancing the use of the access control system, making it more efficient and better value for money. The two can’t effectively operate without each other. Security turnstiles, for example, require something to tell them that someone is about to enter – the access control system does this – and, the access control system needs a method of stopping people when they don’t badge in correctly. The two systems are complementary.

Making the shift from manufacturer to service provider
Making the shift from manufacturer to service provider

The jury is in: traditional security is out — and it’s being replaced with service-based solutions. The bottom line is: if you’re not embracing it, you’ll soon be left behind. XaaS — the collective term referring to the delivery of anything as a service — includes all services made possible through the use of the cloud. Security-as-a-Service (SaaS), which encompasses any type of system from access control to video surveillance, has paved the way for users to gain significant functionality and scalability not previously experienced with more traditional methods. Complicated IT functions SaaS allows manufacturers to provide numerous benefits to their customers As such, there is a marked transition for manufacturers from simply designing and building products to providing a service rooted in a partner- and customer-centric focus. This change hasn’t come easily. Some are still holding out and waiting for the “fad” to pass. However, the potential advantages for all parties involved far outweigh the perceived negative points. First and foremost, SaaS allows manufacturers to provide numerous benefits to their customers. An “as-a-service” model shifts the burden of data maintenance and infrastructure spending to an integrator/dealer partner or service provider. This relieves the end user of the expertise necessary to implement complicated IT functions to keep networked and on-premise solutions up-to-date. Traditional security systems Additionally, end users demand solid customer service. For some end users, traditional security systems are so similar in features and functionality that the key differentiator is the ability of the integrator or manufacturer to provide exceptional customer service and training. This is made possible through the service-based model, where customers appreciate a strong relationship with their integrator or manufacturer that provides them with additional knowledge and assistance when necessary. The cloud has proven to be  highly functional, flexible, and convenient for organisations Everyone also wants convenience. In the consumer market, we invest in things like meals that are pre-measured, prepped, and ready to be cooked, or companies that auto-ship dog food to our door each month. This ease-of-use translates over to the B2B market, where time is money and systems that save valuable resources are highly regarded. The role of the cloud The cloud has proven to be a highly functional, flexible, and convenient method for organisations to leverage as part of their strategies to protect and modernise their facilities. And the service-based nature lends itself well; forward-thinking integrators and dealers can diversify their product arsenal while still capitalising on a recurring monthly revenue model (RMR). But then why has there been so much resistance to this change? Over the last 10 to 15 years, the cloud has gotten a bad rap for a myriad of reasons, including usability, management, and unreliability. However, that view of the cloud is changing for the positive as the technology becomes more advanced and innovators learn more about what it means to design a product or service with security at its core. "As-a-service” platform For example, one of the biggest misconceptions that plagues the cloud is the idea that it is not secure. However, the security of public cloud service providers is integral to their success because their business depends on it. Developing an ongoing and trustworthy relationship with customers can only be made possible through the assurance that their services are safe and the customer’s data is protected. As such, they’ve embraced the service-based model that is, at its core, the future of the business world as we know it. There isn’t a person, manufacturer, or integrator partner out there today who isn’t somehow touched or influenced by an “as-a-service” platform. And it’s about time the service-based model that leverages the public cloud reaches the masses.

A secured entrance is the first defence against an active shooter
A secured entrance is the first defence against an active shooter

The statistics are staggering. The death tolls are rising. And those who now fear environments that were once thought to be safe zones like school campuses, factories, commercial businesses and government facilities, find themselves having to add the routine of active-shooter drills into their traditional fire drill protocols. The latest active shooter statistics released by the FBI earlier this year in their annual active-shooter report designated 27 events as active shooter incidents in 2018. The report reveals that 16 of the 27 incidents occurred in areas of commerce, seven incidents occurred in business environments, and five incidents occurred in education environments. Deadly active-shooter events Six of the 12 deadliest shootings in the country have taken place in the past five years Six of the 12 deadliest shootings in the country have taken place in the past five years, including Sutherland Springs church, Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, the San Bernardino regional center, the Walmart in El Paso and the Tree of Life Synagogue in Pittsburgh, which have all occurred since 2015. Although these incidents occurred in facilities with designated entry points common to churches, schools and businesses, the two most deadly active-shooter events since 2015 were the Route 91 Harvest music festival shooting in Las Vegas that left 58 dead and the Pulse nightclub killings in Orlando where 49 perished. As Christopher Combs, special agent in charge of the FBI field office in San Antonio, Texas, said during a news conference following the August 31 mass shooting in Odessa, Texas that claimed seven lives: “We are now at almost every two weeks seeing an active shooter in this country." Active shooter incidents Between December 2000 and December 2018, the FBI’s distribution of active shooter incidents by location looks like this: Businesses Open to Pedestrian Traffic (74) Businesses Closed to Pedestrian Traffic (43) K-12 Schools (39) Institutions of Higher Learning (16) Non-Military Government Properties (28) Military Properties—Restricted (5) Healthcare Facilities (11) Houses of Worship (10) Private Properties (12) Malls (6) What the majority of these venues have in common is they all have a front entrance or chokepoint for anyone entering the facilities, which is why any active-shooter plan must include a strategy to secure that entry point. Situational awareness in perimeter and door security Preventing people with the wrong intentions from entering the space is the goal" According to Paul Franco, an A&E with more than 28 years of experience as a consultant and systems integrator focusing on schools, healthcare and large public and private facilities, that while active shooter incidents continue to rise, the residual effect has been an increase in situational awareness in perimeter and door security. “Certainly, protecting people and assets is the number one goal of all our clients. There are multiple considerations in facilities like K-12 and Healthcare. Preventing people with the wrong intentions from entering the space is the goal. But a critical consideration to emphasise to your client is getting that person out of your facility and not creating a more dangerous situation by locking the person in your facility,” says Franco. High-security turnstiles “Schools today are creating a space for vetting visitors prior to allowing access into the main facility. Using technology properly like high-security turnstiles offer great benefits in existing schools where space constraints and renovation costs can be impractical.” What steps should they be taken when recommending the proper door security to ensure the building is safe As a consultant/integrator, when discussions are had with a client that has a facility in a public space like a corporate building, government centre or industrial facility, what steps should they be taken when recommending the proper door security to ensure the building is safe and can protect its people and assets? For Frank Pisciotta, President and CEO of Business Protection Specialists, Inc. in Raleigh, North Carolina, a fundamental element of his security strategy is making appropriate recommendations that are broad-based and proactive. Properly identifying the adversaries “As a consultant, my recommendations must include properly identifying the adversaries who may show up at a client’s door, the likelihood of that event occurring, the consequences of that event occurring, determining if there are tripwires that can be set so an organisation can move their line of defence away from the door, educating employees to report potential threats and creating real-time actionable plans to respond to threats. A more reactionary posture might include such thing as target hardening such as ballistic resistant materials at entry access points to a facility,” Pisciotta says. Veteran consultant David Aggleton of Aggleton & Associates of Mission Viejo, California recommends that clients compartmentalise their higher security areas for limited access by adding multiple credential controls (card + keypad + biometric), along with ‘positive’ access systems that inhibit tailgating/piggybacking such as secure turnstiles, revolving door and mantrap if your entrances and security needs meet the required space and access throughput rates. Integrated solution of electronic access control Defining a single point of entry in some public facilities is becoming the new standard of care according to many A&Es and security consultants, especially in a school environment. This approach allows a concerted effort when it comes to staffing, visitor monitoring and an integrated technology solution. The bottom line remains: most buildings are vulnerable to a security breach A proactive stance to securing a door entryway will use an integrated solution of electronic access control, turnstiles, revolving doors and mantraps that can substantially improve a facility’s security profile. The bottom line remains: most buildings are vulnerable to a security breach, so it’s not a matter of if there will be a next active shooter tragedy, it’s only a matter of where. Enhancing access control assurance “There is no easy answer to this question,” says Pisciotta referring to how a secured entrance can deter an active shooter. “There have been at least two high-profile incidents of adversaries shooting their way into a facility through access control barriers. So, if the threat so dictates, a ballistic resistant might be required.” He concludes: “There is obviously no question that turnstiles, revolving doors and man traps enhance access control assurance. Electronic access control is easy to integrate with these devices and providing that credentials are secure, approval processes are in place, change management is properly managed and the appropriate auditing measures in place, access control objectives can be met.”

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