The 11th edition of Shanghai Intelligent Building Technology (SIBT) ended on a positive note with a record-breaking number of visitors. The fair was held concurrently with Shanghai Smart Home Technology (SSHT) from 5 – 7 September 2017 at the Shanghai New International Expo Centre. Collectively, the two shows hosted 240 exhibitors from 13 countries and regions which displayed the latest intelligent building and smart home technologies. The 2017 edition also welcomed a record-breaking 27,275 visitors from 54 countries and regions, an 18% increase from last year.

Industry innovations and trends

Ms Lucia Wong, Deputy General Manager of Messe Frankfurt (Shanghai) Co Ltd, said: “The 11th edition of SIBT concluded with great success. We would like to express our gratitude to our industry friends for their generous support. China’s new urbanisation and development of IoT is having a huge impact on the building industry.

Conventional buildings are evolving into intelligent buildings that can provide greater comfort and convenience and it is well understood that IoT will bring sweeping changes to the industry. In addition, a series of thought-provoking forums and seminars were held covering topics including connectivity, IoT, smart hotels, intelligent building and smart home standards. Expert speakers were invited to share information about the latest innovations and industry trends with fairgoers in the hope of fostering cross-sector collaboration and technological convergence.”

"SIBT is an important fair
with strong participation
from leading brands and industry professionals
"

The Intelligent Engineering Branch of China Exploration & Design Association was one of the fair co-organisers. Ms Hu Ping, President, commented on the show as well as on the future development of the industry: “SIBT is an important fair with strong participation from leading brands and industry professionals. As technologies evolve, people demand better living standards. With the application of smart technologies, buildings not only provide safety and shelter for citizens but they make life more comfortable, greener and healthier.”

Comprehensive display receives positive approval

Backed by steadfast support from renowned overseas and domestic companies over the years, the fair is dedicated to presenting innovative solutions. Participating exhibitiors included A-OK, ABB, ANJUBAO, Apollo, AVE-Leelen, Baiwei, CARLO, Dnake, DUEMMEGI, EnOcean Alliance, HDL, Honyar, HUTLON, KNX Association, Rishun, RUI XIANG, SAVEKEY, Security & Fire, SenseAir, Supcon, Systec, T-Touching, Taijeisai, WISTAR and ZF Friedrichshafen.

China Security & Fire IoT Sensing Co Ltd specialises in sensors. Mr Tang Fei, Manager, was pleased with the progress demonstrated by the industry over the past few years: “Although the intelligent building industry takes time to achieve technological breakthroughs, the speed of applying these new ideas into products is always stunning. I am glad to see many theories raised during the previous editions have been put into reality this year.”

Zhejiang Supcon Instrument Co Ltd focuses on design, research and development of intelligent buildings and smart cities. Mr Wang Kai, Chief Engineer, Building Intelligence Division, shared: “Our systems are particularly designed for commerical and public buildings. We exhibit at SIBT on a regular basis as we see the fair as a must-attend industry event. We also participated in the forum this year and the quality of the attendees was impressive. In addition to the integration and introduction of technologies, setting up a uniform standard is also vital to help the smart industry progress.”

"Intelligent buildings involve
a wide range of disciplines including cloud computing, artificial intelligence, building and data communication"

Guangdong Digital Technology Co Ltd was a first-time exhibitor. The company engages in building intercoms, parking, access control systems and smart homes. Ms Zhang Shuming, Vice President and General Manager of Smart Integration Business Department said: “Intelligent buildings involve a wide range of disciplines including cloud computing, artificial intelligence, building and data communication. Only if every enterprise strives to perform at its best will the industry develop further. The visitor flow was far beyond my expectation. Visitors were able to fully experience the products and technologies on display during the show. SIBT is an ideal platform for business promotion.”

Building Internet of Things

Concurrent forums analysed future industry trends with a spotlight on Building Internet of Things (BIoT)

The ever-changing intelligent building market creates an increasing demand for innovative technologies and ideas. This year, SIBT explored future industry trends with a spotlight on Building Internet of Things (BIoT). Influential decision-makers were invited to the fair to share their thoughtful insights:

Intelligent buildings

Organised by Engineering Intelligent Design Branch of China Exploration and Design Association, Engineering Intelligent Design Branch of China Exploration and Design Association Shanghai Expert Committee, and Intelligent Building & Smart City Magazine, the forum “Intelligent Building: Smart Future--Intelligent Building Industry Integrated Development Forum 2017” discussed the technological integration, development and innovation of the industry.

Ms Hu Ping, President, Engineering Intelligent Design Branch of China Exploration and Design Association, stated: “The forum was well-received and fully occupied, some attendees who were not able to get seats had to stand in the seminar area for the presentation. The forum was a great occasion for them to learn from the assembled experts and to learn about innovative technologies. The forum will not only help their individual work, but also assist the industry as a whole to make further progress.”

Connectivity

Continental Automated Buildings Association (CABA) organised a seminar entitled “The Impact of the Internet of Things (IoT) on Intelligent Buildings and Multi-Dwelling Unit Buildings”. Mr Greg Walker, Research Director, CABA, was invited as a speaker. He remarked: “The forum analysed the issue from the perspectives of different stakeholders. I think the content really matched what the industry needs. The questions from the floor reflected the quality of the attendees and their feedback was positive.”

Concurrent forums analysed future industry trends with a spotlight on Building Internet of Things (BIoT)
SIBT 2017 hosted forums and seminars covering topics including connectivity, IoT, smart hotels, intelligent building and smart home standards

Intelligent hotels

Ms Helen Huang, Secretary-General of China Hotel Engineering Alliance, was invited to be one of the guest speakers of the forum “New Thinking on Intelligent Hotel - Increase in service value when hotels become intelligent”. Other speakers were from ABB, Eastsoft, Haier, Lutron, Tridium and VersLink.

Ms Huang said: “The participating companies at the forum represented different sectors including wireless technologies, smart lighting and lighting control. Before applying smart products in homes, a lot of people gain firsthand experience of using these products when staying in hotels. The hotel industry is the pioneer of smart technologies. The attendees raised questions which identified the current challenges we are facing and it was an excellent occasion for information exchange and learning new ideas.”

Intelligent building and smart home communication protocols

A diverse array of forums were organised to enhance the communication and integration among smart system providers. Participating organisations include EnOcean Alliance, KNX Association, LonMark International, Wi-Fi Alliance and Zigbee Alliance. As the speaker of “EnOcean Batteryless Wireless Technology for Intelligent Buildings and IoT - Embracing the Internet of Things in the New Era of Cognitive Buildings."

Mr Graham Martin, Chairman & CEO, EnOcean Alliance, commented: “In commercial buildings, users are not always concious of energy saving. Therefore, property owners are more determined to adopt energy-saving technologies to reduce operation costs. I am glad to see the forum was successfully held and a full-house exceeded my expectations. The forum acts as a highly efficient avenue for industry peers to learn about the latest market intelligence. Attendees can listen to their topics of interest and then go to the booth and talk to the experts in detail after the seminar.”

"The forum was well-attended and feedback from audience was positive"

Seminars and presentations

KNX Association organised “KNX Technical Seminar” to explore future developments in smart homes and smart cities through case studies. Ms Shen Pu, Executive Secretary, KNX China, shared: “In addition to helping audiences better understand our brand, we also provided new angles for the audience to view the industry. For example, the emergence of smart hospitals has allowed us to examine in more detail medical issues related to aging populations. The forum was well-attended and feedback from audience was positive.”

Wi-Fi Alliance elaborated on the application of smart living by presenting the topic “Wireless to Smart by Wi-Fi Alliance”. Mr Jerry Huang, Director, Greater China Region, Wi-Fi Alliance, said: “I would like to provoke new thinking by illustrating case studies related to chips, modules, solutions, strategy and end-users’ market. The forum was in line with the market’s expectation and the audience was highly engaged in the discussion.”

Zigbee Alliance introduced its technologies and illustrated the application through the topic of “Smart Inside, Beauty Outside”. Ms Laura Shang, China Regional Representative, Zigbee Alliance, said: “Most of the attendees were from the smart home sector which meets our expectation. The guest speakers we invited covered a full spectrum of the industry including chips and modules. It was an efficient platform for industry professionals to discuss the latest trends.”

These smart security solutions are able to be applied in many different ways for industrial and
urban planning

Application of Intelligent Open Video Technology Innovation Forum

Organised by a&s, the forum “Application of Intelligent Open Video Technology Innovation Forum” introduced security products and technologies with a wide range of smart features. These smart security solutions are able to be applied in many different ways for industrial and urban planning.

SIBT is jointly organised by Guangzhou Guangya Messe Frankfurt Co Ltd, Shanghai Hongshan Exhibition Service Co Ltd, the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade – Shanghai Pudong Sub Council and the Intelligent Engineering Branch of China Exploration & Design Association. The next edition of the fair will be held from 3 – 5 September 2018 at Shanghai New International Expo Centre in China.

SSHT and SIBT are both headed by the biennial Light + Building event which will take place from 18 – 23 March 2018 in Frankfurt, Germany. Messe Frankfurt also organises a series of light and building technology exhibitions in China including the Shanghai International Lighting Fair, Parking China, Guangzhou International Lighting Exhibition and Guangzhou Electrical Building Technology. The company's light and building technology fairs also extend to markets in Argentina, India, Russia, the UAE and other countries and regions.

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2018 FIFA World Cup Russia integrates safety, security and service
2018 FIFA World Cup Russia integrates safety, security and service

The 2018 FIFA World Cup tournament is bringing 32 national teams and more than 400,000 foreign football fans from all over the world to 12 venues in 11 cities in Russia. Fans are crowding into cities including Moscow, St. Petersburg and Kazan. Given continuing global concerns about terrorism, security is top-of-mind. Protection of the World Cup games in Russia is focusing on an “integrated safety, security and service approach,” according to officials. Combining the term “security” with the terms “safety” and “service” is not an accident. An aggressive security stance is necessary, but at the end of the day, fan safety is paramount, and a service-oriented approach ensures a positive fan experience. Medical responders will be working side-by-side with police and antiterrorism personnel. Risk management best practices We asked Sean T. Horner and Ben Joelson, directors of the Chertoff Group, a global advisory firm focused on best practices in security and risk management, to comment on security at FIFA World Cup 2018. Although not involved in securing the 2018 World Cup, the Chertoff Group is experienced at securing large events and enterprises using risk management, business practices and security. Integration is another important aspect of protecting the games, says Horner. The use of multiple resources, including Russian military, intelligence and law enforcement, will be closely integrated to provide the best security for the large-scale event in each of the host cities, he says. The approach will be centralised and flexible, with resource deployment guided by effective situational awareness. Primary security and emergency operations centres will be dispersed throughout each host city “There is a unified command structure at the Russian Federation level, and they will keep resources in reserve and shift them as needed to various events and venues based on any specific intelligence, in effect deploying resources where threats are greatest,” says Joelson. “There will also be some regional commands, and resources will incorporate a spectrum of police and military personnel ranging from the ‘cop on the beat’ to the Spetsnaz, the Russian ‘special forces'.” Primary security and emergency operations centres will be dispersed throughout each host city, and additional forces can be shifted as necessary, he notes. Role of law enforcement In Russia, the lines of separation between law enforcement and the military are not as stark as in the United States, for example, where military forces are restricted from deployment for domestic law enforcement by the Posse Comitatus Act. In Russia, there is no such restriction.  A broad range of technology will play a role at the World Cup, Horner and Joelson agree. Technology will be used primarily as a force multiplier and a decision-support tool for security personnel. There are robust CCTV systems in many Russian cities, and mobile CCTV systems, such as camera towers or mobile security centres on wheels, will also be deployed. Technologies will include infrared cameras, flood lights, and ferromagnetic screening systems to scan hundreds of individuals as they walk by. In some locations, facial recognition systems will be used, tied into various intelligence, military and law enforcement databases of known bad actors. Behaviour analytics will be used as a decision-support tool. In addition to security in public areas, private CCTV systems in hotels, at transportation hubs, and inside the venues themselves will be leveraged. Video analytics and detection will help personnel review live view of people who may be acting suspiciously or who leave a bag unattended. In some locations, facial recognition systems will be used, tied into various intelligence, military and law enforcement databases of known bad actors Rigorous anti-terrorism measures A Fan ID card is required to enter the 2018 World Cup Tournament, even for Russian residents. The Russians have an aggressive stance against domestic terrorism, which will also help ensure the safety of the World Cup games, say Horner and Joelson. Terrorist group ISIS has promised “unprecedented violence” at the games, but they make similar threats at every major global event. Russia has been an active force disrupting ISIS in Syria, and experts suggest that losing ground geographically could lead to addition “asymmetric” terrorist attacks. However, Russia is leveraging all their intelligence resources to identify any plots and deploying their security apparatus to disrupt any planned attacks, experts say. Russia’s rigorous anti-terrorism measures include a total ban on planes and other flying devices (such as drones) around the stadiums hosting the World Cup. Private security In addition to military, intelligence and law enforcement personnel, private security will play a have a high profile during the 2018 World Cup in Russia. Private security personnel will be on the front lines in hotels and in “fan zones.” They will operate magnetometers at entrances, perform bag checks, enforce restrictions on hand-carried items, etc. Private security will be especially important to the “guest experience” aspects of protecting the games. Private security will be especially important to the “guest experience” aspects of protecting the games Another private security function at the World Cup is executive protection of dignitaries and high-net-worth individuals who will be attending. Executive protection professionals will arrive early, conduct advanced security assessments before VIPs arrive, and secure trusted and vetted transportation (including armoured cars in some cases.) VIPs will include both Russian citizens and foreign (including U.S.) dignitaries attending the games. Private security details will be out in force. Aggressive security approach Overeager and outspoken fans are a part of the football culture, but Russia will deploy a near-zero tolerance policy against hooliganism and riots. An overwhelming force presence will take an aggressive approach to curbing any civil disturbances, and offenders will be removed quickly by Russian security forces. Strict restrictions on the sale and consumption of alcohol will be enforced in the venue cities before and after the matches. Officials will also be cognisant of the possibility of a riot or other event being used as a distraction to draw attention from another area where a terrorist event is planned. It will be a delicate balance between deploying an aggressive security approach and preserving the fan experience. Joelson notes that freedom of speech is not as valued in Russia as in other parts of the world, so the scales will be even more tipped toward security. “The last thing they want is for things to get out of control,” says Horner. “The event is putting Russia on the world stage, and they want visitors to walk away safely after having a great time and wanting to go back in the future.” Attendees should also have good situational awareness, and keep their heads up, scanning crowds and identifying unsafe situations" Precautions for World Cup attendees Attendees to the World Cup in Russia should take some basic precautions, Horner and Joelson agree. For example, Russia requires a translated, notarised letter explaining any prescription drugs. The country has a more aggressive foreign intelligence environment, so visitors cannot depend on their data being private. Joelson recommends the usual “social media hygiene” and privacy settings. Visitors should not post information about their travel plans or locations, and it’s best to travel with a disposable mobile phone that does not contain personal information. Location tracking should be deactivated. Travellers should also beware of talking and sharing information with others, or of saying anything derogatory. “They should also have good situational awareness, and keep their heads up, scanning crowds and identifying unsafe situations,” says Joelson. “If you bring a personal electronic device, you should expect that it has been compromised,” says Horner. Text messages and email will not be private, and he suggests creating an email address used only for travel. Don’t leave drinks unattended. Travellers from the U.S. should register at the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) operated by the U.S. State Department. “Plan before you travel and before you get to the airport,” says Horner.

The benefits and challenges of in-camera audio analytics for surveillance solutions
The benefits and challenges of in-camera audio analytics for surveillance solutions

Audio is often overlooked in the security and video surveillance industry. There are some intercom installations where audio plays a key role, but it’s not typically thought about when it comes to security and event management. Audio takes a back seat in many security systems because audio captured from a surveillance camera can have a different impact on the privacy of those being monitored. Audio surveillance is therefore subject to strict laws that vary from state to state. Many states require a clearly posted sign indicating audio recording is taking place in an area before a person enters. Analytic information derived from audio can be a useful tool and when implemented correctly, removes any concerns over privacy or legal compliance. Audio analytics on the edge overcomes legal challenges as it never passes audio outside of the camera Focused responses to events Audio analytics processed in the camera, has been a niche and specialised area for many installers and end users. This could be due to state laws governing audio recording, however, audio analytics on the edge overcomes legal challenges as it never passes audio outside of the camera Processing audio analytics in-camera provides excellent privacy since audio data is analysed internally with a set of algorithms that only compare and assess the audio content. Processing audio analytics on the edge also reduces latency compared with any system that needs to send the raw audio to an on-premises or cloud server for analysis. Audio analytics can quickly pinpoint zones that security staff should focus on, which can dramatically shorten response times to incidents. Audio-derived data also provides a secondary layer of verification that an event is taking place which can help prioritise responses from police and emergency personnel. Having a SoC allows a manufacturer to reserve space for specialised features, and for audio analytics, a database of reference sounds is needed for comparison Microphones and algorithms Many IP-based cameras have small microphones embedded in the housing while some have a jack for connecting external microphones to the camera. Microphones on indoor cameras work well since the housing allows for a small hole to permit sound waves to reach the microphone. Outdoor cameras that are IP66 certified against water and dust ingress will typically have less sensitivity since the microphone is not exposed. In cases like these, an outdoor microphone, strategically placed, can significantly improve outdoor analytic accuracy. There are several companies that make excellent directional microphones for outdoor use, some of which can also combat wind noise. Any high-quality external microphone should easily outperform a camera’s internal microphone in terms of analytic accuracy, so it is worth considering in areas where audio information gathering is deemed most important. In-built audio-video analytics Surveillance cameras with a dedicated SoC (System on Chip) have become available in recent years with in-built video and audio analytics that can detect and classify audio events and send alerts to staff and emergency for sounds such as gunshots, screams, glass breaks and explosions. Having a SoC allows a manufacturer to reserve space for specialised features. For audio analytics, a database of reference sounds is needed for comparison. The camera extracts the characteristics of the audio source collected using the camera's internal or externally connected microphone and calculates its likelihood based on the pre-defined database. If a match is found for a known sound, e.g., gunshot, explosion, glass break, or scream, an event is triggered, and the message is passed to the VMS. If a match is found for a known sound, e.g., gunshot, explosion, glass break, or scream, an event is triggered, and the message is passed to the VMS Configuring a camera for audio analytics Audio detectionThe first job of a well-configured camera or camera/mic pair is to detect sounds of interest while rejecting ancillary sounds and noise below a preset threshold. Each camera must be custom configured for its particular environment to detect audio levels which exceed a user-defined level. Since audio levels are typically greater in abnormal situations, any audio levels exceeding the baseline set levels are detected as being a potential security event. Operators can be notified of any abnormal situations via event signals allowing the operator to take suitable measures. Finding a baseline of background noise and setting an appropriate threshold level is the first step. Installers should be able to enable or disable the noise reduction function and view the results to validate the optimum configuration during setup Noise reductionA simple threshold level may not be adequate enough to reduce false alarms depending on the environment where a camera or microphone is installed. Noise reduction is a feature on cameras that can reduce background noise greater than 55dB-65dB for increased detection accuracy. Installers should be able to enable or disable the noise reduction function and view the results to validate the optimum configuration during setup. With noise reduction enabled, the system analyses the attenuated audio source. As such, the audio source classification performance may be hindered or generate errors, so it is important to use noise reduction technology sparingly. Audio source classificationIt’s important to supply the analytic algorithm with a good audio level and a high signal-to-noise ratio to reduce the chance of generating false alarms under normal circumstances. Installers should experiment with ideal placement for both video as well as audio. While a ceiling corner might seem an ideal location for a camera, it might also cause background audio noise to be artificially amplified. Many cameras provide a graph which visualises audio source levels to allow for the intuitive checking of noise cancellation and detection levels. Analytics take privacy concerns out of the equation and allow installers and end users to use camera audio responsibly Messages and eventsIt’s important to choose a VMS that has correctly integrated the camera’s API (application programming interface) in order to receive comprehensive audio analytic events that include the classification ID (explosion, glass break, gunshot, scream). A standard VMS that only supports generic alarms, may not be able to resolve all of the information. More advanced VMS solutions can identify different messages from the camera. Well configured audio analytics can deliver critical information about a security event, accelerating response times and providing timely details beyond video-only surveillance. Analytics take privacy concerns out of the equation and allow installers and end users to use camera audio responsibly. Hanwha Techwin's audio source classification technology, available in its X Series cameras, features three customisable settings for category, noise cancellation and detection level for optimum performance in a variety of installation environments.

How important is packaging in the commercial security market?
How important is packaging in the commercial security market?

High-quality products are the building blocks of successful physical security systems. How they are packaged may sometimes be seen as an unimportant detail or an afterthought. But should it be? Effective packaging can serve many functions, from creating a favorable customer impression to ensuring the product isn’t damaged in transit. Packaging can also contribute to ease of installation. On the negative side, excess packaging can be an environmental concern, especially for customers who are sensitive to green factors or to minimising waste. We asked this week’s Expert Panel Roundtable: Is packaging of products important in the commercial security market? Why or why not?