CCTV Storage System / HDD(557)
Hanwha Techwin’s Wisenet PNM-9000VD multi-sensor/multi-directional camera provides quality images and modular lens configuration at an affordable price. This camera supports 30fps image capture and true 120 dB WDR without compromising frame rate for each of its two 5MP sensors. Each sensor has its own Wisenet 5 chip, providing a full suite of built-in video analytics including loitering, directional detection, fog detection, tampering, motion detection and objects entering or exiting an area.
AI series products adopt the most advanced AI technologies, including deep learning algorithms that primarily target people and vehicles, which provides higher flexibility and accuracy for end-users. This enables the Dahua AI series to offer various advanced applications such as Face Recognition, Metadata, traffic data statistics, etc. The complete lineup of Dahua AI includes network (PTZ) cameras, network video recorders, servers, and more devices. Beyond seeing the world, the power of AI allows devices to perceive the environment and understand the world in a better way. System Overview Dahua PTZ AI network camera adopts advanced CNN deep learning algorithms to support face recognition with high accuracy. The Dual 4MP Starlight Smart Capture Camera consists of panoramic camera and PTZ camera. Panoramic camera captures panoramas, and then PTZ camera takes detailed snapshots of objects and keeps tracking objects after rule violations occur. This camera possess wide monitor range and PFA algorithm that can always present a clear, focused image while zooming. Functions Dual PTZ systemPanoramic camera and Detail camera of the dual PTZ system can be adjusted horizontally and vertically. Face RecognitionOnce facial features are extracted from captured faces, they are stored in a database where they can be easily searched and compared against other images. Once a successful match is found, the system outputs the result. The Dahua Face Recognition camera supports a built-in database that stores up to 10,000 facial images, helping the camera achieve realtime face capture and comparison. Starlight TechnologyFor challenging low-light applications, Dahua's Starlight Ultra-low Light Technology offers best-in-class light sensitivity, capturing color details in low light down to 0.001 lux. The camera uses a set of optical features to balance light throughout the scene, resulting in clear images in dark environments. PFA TechnologyPFA technology has innovatively introduced new methods of judgment to ensure the accuracy and predictability of the direction of subject distance adjustment. The result is a set of advanced focusing algorithms. PFA ensures clarity of the image throughout the process of zooming and shortens focus time. The realization of PFA technology substantially improves user experience and increases product value. MetadataMetadata is feature attribute information extracted from a target object which can be used for data retrieval. There are four kinds of metadata supported by Dahua PTZ AI camera: human face, human body, motor vehicle and non-motor vehicle metadata. Facial information includes gender, age, glasses, masks, beards, etc. Human body information includes hat, top, top color, bottom, bottom color, bag, etc. Motor vehicle information includes plate color, type, vehicle color, sunshield, ornament, calling, seatbelt, smoking, annual inspection sticker, etc. Non-motor vehicle information includes type, color, top type, top color, people number, etc. Smart trackingHuman, motor vehicle, and non-motor vehicle, or their combinations can be set as objects. Once the objects selected trigger detection rules (like tripwire and intrusion), the detail camera will track them automatically. Perimeter ProtectionAutomatically filtering out false alarms caused by animals, rustling leaves, bright lights, etc. Enables system to act secondary recognition for the targets. Improving alarm accuracy. InteroperabilityThe camera conforms to the ONVIF (Open Network Video Interface Forum) specifications, ensuring interoperability between network video products regardless of manufacturer.
VIVOTEK ‘s new CC9381-HV is a 180-degress panoramic network camera, featuring its compact design and high-quality image capability, making it suitable for a wide array of both indoor and outdoor environments, such as boutiques, convenience stores, banks, schools and homes. Along with offering amazing 180° HFOV coverage, CC9381-HV offers up to 20 fps at 5-Megapixel resolution (30 fps at 5MP with WDR Off). This Panoramic Network Camera also incorporates other value-added features.With IR built-in 180° IR illuminators up to 15 meters, no matter day or night, light or dark, the new CC9381-HV always provides complete video security. Further, due to the SNV technology, areas of low light visibility are no longer an issue either. Equipped with WDR Pro technology, the CC9381-HV enable the camera to maintain optimal image quality and unparalleled visibility in high contrast lighting environments, as well as combined both H.265 and VIVOTEK Smart Stream III, it can reduce bandwidth and storage consumption more than 90% compared to traditional H.264 without smart streaming. In addition to its versatile coverage and features, the CC9381-HV is safeguarded by Trend Micro IoT Security to provide users with higher levels of network protection.
Consider your security needs met. The experts in thermal and perimeter security have packed everything you need into one affordable, easy-to-install camera. The FLIR Saros DH-390 Dome Camera includes IR and visible illuminators, plus Lepton thermal sensors to allow you to see in any condition. And with high-resolution video, you’ll never miss a thing.
The Contera NVR Appliance from Arecont Vision Costar is designed to offer powerful IP recording in an affordable, compact chassis. The Contera NVR Appliance is equipped with an on-board 8 or 16 channel PoE switch, that can be upgraded to 24 channels, allowing for Plug and Play connection with ConteraWS® or ONVIF cameras. With full integration to Contera Web Services, the Contera NVR Appliance offers centralised user management, single sign-on convenience, mobile apps and a web client that allows for easy remote connection to your recorders. Network setup is fast and easy using Contera Web Services, and eliminates the need for port forwarding or DDNS. The Contera NVR Appliance runs on a secure Linux OS and comes preloaded with ConteraVMS® Server software as a turnkey solution.
The Evolution Stainless Steel cameras, part of Oncam’s Specialist Camera Range, are unique to the 360-degree video surveillance market as they are the only ones certified for tough environments, indoor and outdoor. The 05MP and 12MP versions have been specifically designed to meet the needs of customers operating in demanding environments such as Food Processing, Industrial, Maritime and Ports and Safe City applications. The cameras’ resilient Stainless Steel 316 housing is manufactured for enhanced corrosion resistance. The IP66, IP67, IP68, IP69K, and NEMA 4X and 6P ratings make the enclosure fit for harsh environments, while its IK10+ rating makes it resistant to impacts of 40 joules. The NSF certification and HCV EU mark make the camera range unique, guaranteeing compliance with standards for commercial food equipment in both North America as well as Europe. The only 360-degree fisheye camera in a stainless steel housing, Oncam’s new and improved camera range is available for surface and pendant mount installations. A matching stainless steel arm allows for wall, corner and pole mounting. Evolution 05 Stainless Steel: EVO-05-SS2 Evolution 12 Stainless Steel: EVO-12-SS2
Hikvision has launched a new Fisheye IP camera series (DS-2CD63X5G0) with AI. This 360˚ panoramic camera uses the deep learning technology to deliver a more accurate heat map functionality. It gives an enhanced view of its surroundings – and is especially useful in large retail applications. The cameras’ 360˚ panoramic image of the scene before it, means the user can see a wider area much more clearly. This is enhanced by independent control of a three-way infrared light, which can be separately configured to reduce the amount of ‘reflective’ wall space. This improves image quality, especially when placed in a corner location. The deep learning algorithm focuses only on human targets, improving the accuracy of the heat map functionality. This means users can see ‘hotspots’ in a space, showing areas that people visit, or pass, the most. An added layer to the heat map visualisation makes it a lot clearer than previous technologies, presenting more information in a clearer way. Despite the high quality of the images, the cameras boast extremely light bandwidth, saving storage and costs by using H265+ compression technology. They also support Multiple Expansion Modes, with up to 15 live view display modes available, designed for three different mounts. This means they can be more easily adjusted to meet the users’ exact preferences, and improve their browsing experience. Other features include: New Immervision lens (only 12MP, 1.29mm lens model) Up to 12MP resolution 120 dB WDR Up to 15m IR range Built-in microphone and speaker Smart features: 6 behaviour analyses, and 3 exception detections IK10/IP66 available. The cameras will be a useful addition to retail solutions, with heat mapping helping owners to understand customers’ psychology and identify which products attract the most attention on the shop floor. They can also be used in other large area applications, like train stations and public squares. The series will also be a boon to installers, with the ability to achieve monitoring which has no ‘dead angles’, making the solution more efficient and reducing installation costs. “We pride ourselves on continually advancing our technology and how it is implemented”, says Peter Guan, Director of Channel Sales and Marketing for Hikvision Europe. “This new Fisheye camera will provide clear flow information that will help users to make the right business decisions to make their spaces much more profitable.”
The Evolution 180 Indoor camera is built upon Oncam’s expertise and heritage on 360-degree technology. It’s been specifically designed for applications that require a dewarped panoramic view of a scene, without blind spots, from a single sensor camera. The 5:2 Panoramic+ stream provides a perfect balance between image quality and bandwidth efficiency. In addition, when mounting on an angle, Oncam’s Angle Compensation Technology (ACT) corrects the view, straightening vertical lines in the scene. The true day/night functionality allows images to be produced in all lighting conditions, including additional IR lighting. The camera is provided with three different mounting back boxes (0°, 25° and 45°), which also double up as pendant mount. EVO-180-WID (White) / EVO-180-WJD (Black)
Increase safety and reduce risk on board your transit vehicles with March Networks® RideSafe MT Series IP Recorders. These all-IP units deliver highly-reliable video surveillance recording and management in a compact, rugged design that is ideal for mid-sized vehicles – like student and patient shuttles and paratransit buses. Available in 4-channel and 6-channel models, the RideSafe MT Series solution enables operators to capture everything that’s happening on the bus, inside and out. Whether you have one or a thousand vehicles, this plug-and-play recorder can operate as a standalone unit programmable through embedded software, or be remotely managed and monitored daily using March Networks Command™ for Transit video management software. Video from the recorder can also be integrated with existing CAD and AVL systems and mobile routers. Key RideSafe MT Series features include: Front panel LEDs for easy recorder diagnostics, including operational, recording and video export status Embedded Linux OS, to ensure reliable and secure video recording Real-time health monitoring, alerting operators to camera, recorder and network issues before they affect performance Vehicle metadata integration from CAD/AVL systems and accelerometers for accurate re-enactments, driver monitoring and investigations Configurable recording policies based on schedule, motion, incident/event and other user-definable variables Powerful video management software, providing the advanced tools and features needed to manage entire fleets Automated video and data extraction over WiFi or 4G networks Extended thermal range (ETR) models available
Z3 Smart Camera Home Security System is the ideal solution for the small to mid-size home owner who is looking for a comprehensive smart home security system with boundless expandability. With so many sensors and accessories out in the market, how can a user find what they need to start off with? The multifunctional Z3 Smart Camera Security System provides an all-in-one solution with built-in basics, including 1080p HD Camera, PIR motion, temperature, humidity, and ambient lux light sensors, and two-way clear voice intercom system with echo cancellation feature. Z3 is compatible with RF, ZigBee and Z-Wave accessories, supporting up to 160 wireless sensors, to create endless possibilities to help users to create comprehensive smart home security. Add on voice prompt, loud siren, and backup battery, Z3 makes it possible to provide comprehensive smart home security services, including remote management, home security, live visual monitoring, home automation, energy management and emergency monitoring, designed to bring all-around convenience, comfort and safety. Z3 brings a complete and cost-effective smart home solution for users to experience a secure, and comfortable lifestyle. Features Communication Path: IP (Ethernet), WiFi, 3G/4G Built-in Protocol Options: RF, ZigBee, Z-Wave Two area configurations, supports up to 160 zones Alarm event reporting via CID/SIA Email / SMS /Push Notification via Cloud Server Camera: 1920x1080p high-resolution with 152° diagonal wide-angle lens Temperature Sensor: detects temperature from -10°C~ 50°C (14°F~ 122°F) Humidity Sensor: humidity range 0 ~ 100%RH PIR Motion Sensor: 7m range @ 100° degrees Ambient Light Sensor: detects light lux levels Home Security capabilities Security Visual Verification and Real-time Monitoring & Reporting ZigBee and Z-Wave based home automation capabilities Energy Management capabilities 24/7 Environment Emergency Monitoring Built-in siren, voice prompt, microSD slot Remote management via Smartphone App and Web browser Specifications ZigBee Protocol: ZigBee Pro HA 1.2, 2.4GHz Z-Wave Protocol: Z-Wave 868.40MHz (EU) / 908.40MHz (US) RF Frequencies: 433 MHz / 868MHz Wi-Fi Module: 802.11 b/g/ n 4G Frequencies: 2100 / 2600 / 1900 / 1800 / 900 / 850 / 700MHz Power Supply: 12V/2A, 100~240VAC Backup Battery: 7.2V, 1600mA NiMh rechargeable battery pack Backup Battery Life: 15 hours* Siren: 95dB @ 1m Memory Card Slot: MicroSD card Operating Temperature: -10° to 45°C (14°F to 113°F) Operating Humidity: Up to 85% non-condensing
VIVOTEK ‘s new MA9322-EHTV is a multi-sensor adjustable dome network camera. Featuring four independent 5MP CMOS Sensors with IR illuminators, the MA9322-EHTV allows users to simultaneously view four different areas while occupying only a single IP address, making this camera ideally suited for surveillance in areas such as hallway intersections, building corners, parking garages/lots, and shopping malls. It reduces the total number of cameras needed for surveillance, helping to lower total installation time and costs. By adding IR illumination up to 30 meters, no matter day or night, light or dark, the new MA9321-EHTV always provides complete video security. Further, due to the SNV technology, areas of low light visibility are no longer an issue either. The MA9322-EHTV is equipped with a removable IR-cut filter and WDR Pro technology, enabling the camera to maintain optimal image quality and unparalleled visibility in high contrast lighting environments, as well as combined both H.265 and VIVOTEK Smart Stream III, the MA9322-EHTV can reduce bandwidth and storage consumption more than 90%* compared to traditional H.264 without smart streaming. In addition to its versatile coverage and features, the MA9322-EHTV is safeguarded by Trend Micro IoT Security to provide users with higher levels of network protection
VIVOTEK's newly designed MS9321-EHV multi-sensor panoramic network camera applies the brand new Robocop design with built-in sunshield to cover four 5-megapixel sensors in 65-degree vertical field of view and support IR illuminators effective up to 30 meters. It offers the highest resolution and maximum field of view, reducing the total number of cameras required and helping save on the installation costs. Furthermore, the MS9321-EHV is also safeguarded by Trend Micro IoT Security. Featuring 4 x 5MP CMOS Sensors, the multiple sensor network camera can monitor full 180° horizontal views and deliver the highest-quality comprehensive coverage, making it an ideal outdoor surveillance solution with excellent image details. Improving on the previous version, the MS9321-EHV now includes H.265 compression for reduced bandwidth and storage over H.264 compression. WDR Pro (120dB) has been added for improved image quality in high contrast environments. Smart IR II is included for manual or auto IR adjustments based on different night viewing scenarios. And last but not least, the MS9321-EHV is capable of 30fps at all resolutions including the max 20MP. Like its predecessor MS8391-EV, the MS9321-EHV has the Video Alignment feature that allows you to adjust the positioning and image quality of each sensor, enabling users to view a seamless picture, with no repetition. MS9321-EHV's new housing design is IP66 and IK10-rated to enable use in rain and dust as well as to protect against vandalism or tampering. The new housing design also allows for more tilt and pan during installation, allowing for more versatility.
Hikvision has launched a new Thermal Bullet camera (DS-2TD2117) that boasts Deep Learning capabilities and a new sensor that improves the quality of its images. This product brings thermal technology to a lower budget scenario, making it practical for smaller solutions. Developing earlier versions, the DeepinView camera is equipped with a new improved 160 x 120 pixel sensor in the Hikvision family. The camera is also more sensitive – detecting to a noise-equivalent temperature difference (NETD) of 40mk (previous models went to 50mk). NETD is an industry standard measurement of a sensor’s sensitivity to thermal radiation in certain parts of the electromagnetic spectrum. Based on deep learning algorithms, the camera also delivers powerful and accurate behavior analysis, including detections such as line crossing, intrusion, region entrance and exit. The intelligent human/vehicle detection feature helps reduce false alarms caused by animals, camera shake, falling leaves, or other irrelevant objects, significantly improving alarm accuracy. In addition, the cameras are equipped with a built-in GPU. This high-performance GPU can support updates with more complex algorithms with larger data samples in the future to further improve the intelligent effect of Video Content Analytics (VCA). Other features include: Reliable temperature exception alarm function Advanced fire detection and smoking detection algorithm 160 x 120 resolution sensor, high sensitivity sensor, support contrast adjustment Shutter adjustment in various modes 3D DNR, 15 palettes of color adjustable, image detail enhancement. The camera’s short focal length (3mm or 6mm) makes it a crucial element in smaller perimeter solutions, like yards or car parks for small businesses. Its fire protection capabilities come in handy in solutions like warehouse and rubbish dumps, where avoiding fire is a priority. In essence, this camera can reduce costs, and prevent damage but also, more importantly, can increase safety by detecting potential fires before they happen. “Our R&D Center is 10,000 strong and this is a great example of how they are pushing forward the boundaries of technology”, says Peter Guan, Director of Channel Sales and Marketing for Hikvision Europe. “Using a new thermal sensor means that we can deliver a more sensitive, and so more effective, product to customers.”
VIVOTEK’s IB9387-LPR camera is a standalone LPR camera system, featuring built-in license plate recognition software and edge-computing capability without additional server, the IB9387-LPR can identify license plates from over 70 countries around the world. It converts number plates into Wiegand signals for use with an access control system, and also offers various APIs for integration with 3rd party systems such as parking management, toll collection, and weighbridge systems. The system is ideally applied for parking access control and Stop & Go toll systems or any LPR applications where a vehicle stops, or almost comes to a complete stop. Supported Both Simple and Complex Scenarios The IB9387-LPR camera can work as an embedded access control application based on LPR software. It can trigger digital output device on this camera when a number plate is recognised and matched the data in list such as white list. This IB9387-LPR camera can convert number plates into Wiegand signals to work with access control system. Centralised List Management With a black & white list embedded inside the IB9387-LPR, the control barrier will open the gate when a white list vehicle is detected. On the other hand, a black list vehicle will trigger an alarm and a notification will be sent to security staff. With VIVOTEK’s IB9387-LPR, security staffs of parking lots with multiple entry points no longer need to upgrade system one after another. They can simply upload these lists to a single centralised LPR camera and all the other LPR cameras will download the master list, thus significantly reducing both installation time and maintenance efforts. Easily Integrated with 3rd Party Systems Thanks to its various Application Programming Interfaces (APIs), third-party systems such as parking management, toll collection, and weighbridge systems are able to receive live LPR images with specific country, state, date, time, and confidence level from IB9387-LPR. Finally, the sophisticated camera is safeguarded by Trend Micro IoT Security, providing proactive protection in cybersecurity. Combining recognition and management technology, VIVOTEK’s IB9387-LPR offers an intelligent, scalable and highly secure standalone LPR system.
The IDIS 12MP Super Fisheye camera delivers 360° HD surveillance, with clear identification from center to edge and wall to wall. Built-in IR LEDs ensure nearly 50-ft night visibility, with support for true WDR up to 120dB. It offers camera-side and client-side dewarping (including on smartphones), giving users the widest choice of recording platforms and VMS options. And the groundbreaking ease and accuracy of IDIS's Smart UX Controls v2.0 allows for effortless dewarping, including agile PTZ in a dewarped state. The Super Fisheye also offers the benefit of IDIS Intelligent Codec with MAT, delivering up to 90% storage and bandwidth savings.
The Seagate portfolio of video storage drives are designed to improve surveillance system reliability and drive lifespan, reducing security system costs and supporting video analytics. Seagate’s Surveillance HDD helps improve costs and data integrity. Facts and features include: The industry’s first surveillance-optimised hard drive platform with capacities up to 6TB improves video streaming, drive performance and data integrity in surveillance applications. Seventh-generation Seagate® surveillance drive is tuned for high write-cycle workloads typical in video surveillance storage systems. The Surveillance HDD supports higher-resolution cameras and 8+ drives per system, with up to 64 cameras per drive. Reliably performs in multi-drive systems with RAID support from RV sensors Supplement your backups with Seagate Recovery Services for data recovery in the event of data loss or accident. 24×7 operational capabilities while maintaining high MTBF of 1M hours Options for a current-limited start-up of less than 2A supports the use of embedded system power supplies. Low power consumption options support always-on surveillance systems. Never miss a frame with quick time-to-ready. Idle3 spin control features enable power-on in standby mode or drive spin-down to conserve power and improve reliability during archival periods.Add to Compare
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The past decade has seen unprecedented growth in data creation and management. The products and services that consumers use every day – and the systems businesses, large and small, rely on – all revolve around data. The increasing frequency of high-profile data breaches and hacks should be alarming to anyone, and there’s a danger data security could worsen in the coming years. According to DataAge 2025, a report by IDC and Seagate, by 2025, almost 90% of all data created in the global datasphere will require some level of security, but less than half of it will actually be secured. Nuanced approach to data security Security is a circle, not a line. Every actor involved in the handling and processing of data has responsibility for ensuring its securityThe rapid proliferation of embedded systems, IoT, real-time data and AI-powered cognitive systems – as well as new legislation like the European Union’s GDPR – means that data security has to be a priority for businesses like never before. With data used, stored and analysed at both the hardware and software level, we need a new and more nuanced approach to data security. Security is a circle, not a line. Every actor involved in the handling and processing of data has responsibility for ensuring its security. What this means in practice is renewed focus on areas of hardware and software protection that have previously not been top of mind or received large amounts of investment from businesses, with security at the drive level being a prime example. The importance of data-at-rest encryption In a world where data is everywhere, businesses need always-on protection. Data-at-rest encryption helps to ensure that data is secure right down to the storage medium in which it is held in a number of ways. Hardware-level encryption, firmware protection for the hard drive, and instant, secure erasing technology allow devices to be retired with minimal risk of data misuse. Data-at-rest encryption helps to ensure that data is secure right down to the storage medium in which it is held in a number of ways A recent report from Thales Data Threat found that data-at-rest security tools can be a great way to help protect your data. However, it’s important to note that this must be used in conjunction with other security measures to ensure that those that fraudulently gain access to your key management system can’t access your data. Ensuring drives to be Common Criteria compliant One straightforward test any business can do to ensure its storage is as secure as possible is to check whether the drives are Common Criteria compliantDespite the clear benefits, this kind of encryption lags behind other areas, such as network and endpoint security, in terms of the investment it currently receives. The same Thales Data Threat report found that data-at-rest security was receiving some of the lowest levels of spending increases in 2016 (44%), versus a 62% increase for network and a 56% increase for endpoint security. One straightforward test any business can do to ensure its storage is as secure as possible is to check whether the drives are Common Criteria compliant. Common Criteria is an international standard for computer security certification, and drives that meet this standard have a foundational level of protection which users can build on. Providing an additional layer of security The retail industry has seen a spate of security breaches recently, with several major US brands suffering attacks over the busy Easter weekend this year. As frequent handlers of consumer card information, retailers are particularly vulnerable to attack. Data-at-rest encryption could enhance security in these instances, providing an additional layer of security between customer records and the attacker The advanced threats retailers face can often evade security defences without detection. Such a breach could grant attackers unrestricted access to sensitive information for possibly months – some breaches are known to have been detected only after consumer payment details appeared on the dark web. These types of undetected attacks are highly dangerous for retailers, which are relatively helpless to protect consumer information once their defences have been compromised. Data-at-rest encryption could significantly enhance security in these instances, providing an additional layer of security between customer records and the attacker which has the potential to make the stolen data valueless to cyber criminals. Industries in need of data-at-rest encryption Healthcare organisations, which hold highly sensitive customer and patient information, have a strong use case for data-at-rest encryption. With the widespread adoption of electronic patient health records, that data is increasingly more vulnerable to attack. Recent research from the American Medical Association and Accenture revealed that 74% of physicians are concerned over future attacks that may compromise patient records. With the widespread adoption of electronic patient health records, that data is increasingly more vulnerable to attack The financial sector would also benefit from further investment in data-at-rest encryption, given 78% of financial services firms globally are planning on increasing their spending on critical data, according to Thales’ Data Threat Report. It’s helpful to view security as a circle in which every piece of hardware and software handling the data plays its part SMEs and enterprises are not immune to security threats either – with growing numbers of people traveling for work or working remotely, the risk of sensitive business data becoming exposed via device theft is heightened. Usernames and passwords have little use if thieves can simply remove unencrypted hard drives and copy data across. Securing every hardware and software Technology vendors often focus on aspects of hardware and application security that are within their control. This is understandable, but it risks proliferating a siloed approach to data security. There is no single line for data security -- rather, it’s helpful to view it as a circle in which every piece of hardware and software handling the data plays its part. There’s a clear need for more industry dialogue and collaboration to ensure data security is effectively deployed and connected throughout the security circle and across the value chain.
The use of facial recognition has become a highly debated topic recently, and has increasingly and misleadingly been criticised by some for being an unethical tool used to spy on the public. The reason for such criticism is however largely due to lack of information and regulation around the technology. Used proportionately and responsibly, facial recognition can and should be a force for good. It has the ability to do a lot more to increase security in the future – from street crime to airport security, all the way through to helping those battling addiction, the technology can take security and operations to new heights. These systems can memorise the faces of persons of interest, networks of gang members, wanted criminals and those suspected of involvement in serious violent crimes The rise in knife crime Knife crime has dominated the headlines in the UK throughout the year. Recent statistics show the number of people being admitted to emergency care due to attacks by a sharp object to be up by nearly 40 per cent from two years ago, whilst the number of children under the age of 18 being admitted to hospitals with stab wounds is up by 86 per cent in only four years. This recent surge in knife crime has put police forces under immense pressure, and the intelligent use of facial recognition has a role to play in enabling more informed stop & search interventions. Currently UK police can stop and search an individual they suspect to be carrying drugs or weapons or both, or they can stop and search a person in a location where there have been or are considered likely to be “incidents involving serious violence.” In both cases they must do so with access to limited information, leaving themselves open to accusations of bias or discrimination. Knife crime dominated the headlines in the UK throughout 2018 Police systems benefiting crime investigations This is where facial recognition can offer up additional intelligence. These systems can memorise the faces of persons of interest, networks of gang members, wanted criminals and those suspected of involvement in serious violent crimes. Furthermore, these systems don’t need prior personal engagement to recognise an individual and see only data, not gender, age or race. Facial recognition thus helps eliminate both weapons and criminals off the streets and potentially prevent crimes before they have a chance to take place. The technology doesn’t take the decision away from the human police officer. However, it does bring greater transparency and context to the decision-making process of whether a stop and search intervention is justified. Similarly, the advanced technology can recognise and match an individual seen on a CCTV camera at a crime scene to someone the police encounters on the streets some time later, justifying a stop and search on that individual. Its ability to check in real time if a person is on a criminal watchlist adds an extra layer to the decision-making process prior to conducting a stop and search, lowering the likelihood of discrimination. Facial recognition thus helps eliminate both weapons and criminals off the streets and potentially prevent crimes before they have a chance to take place. Gambling addiction and how facial recognition can help There are an estimated 593,000 people in the UK currently battling a gambling problem, making it a serious public health issue in the country. Having understood the gravity of the issue, the UK gambling commission have set limits and advice in place to help those suffering this addiction; yet as with all addictions, gambling is a tough habit to beat. In order to put effective limitations in place and make a real difference, the gambling commission needs the right technology to protect those most vulnerable in the industry. Facial recognition technology is able to keep track of customers and thus help gambling companies in protecting their customers Facial recognition technology is able to keep track of customers and thus help gambling companies in protecting their customers to a higher degree. Monitoring those entering and moving around gambling areas is an extremely difficult task for human staff to do alone, especially in large crowded areas such as casinos. Facial recognition technology installed around the premises would be able to help the company and the staff to identify people who have registered as gambling addicts, and keep record of their day’s play in order to inform staff if and when it was time for them to stop. It would also be able to ensure effective self-exclusion procedures, by identifying a self-excluded individual via CCTV as soon as they entered the venue to then allow security staff to respectfully escort them out. Utilising facial recognition at airport security Facial recognition has by now become a normal sight at many airports around the world. Several people today hold a so-called biometric passport, which allows them to skip the normally longer queues and instead walk through an automated ePassport control to proceed to the gate faster without having to deal with control officers. Facial recognition used in this way has managed to significantly cut waiting times at the passport control, but it also has the ability to enhance security in and around airports. Facial recognition uses algorithms to match physical characteristics against photos and videos of people's faces Earlier this year, facial recognition technology managed to catch an imposter trying to enter the US at the Washington Dulles Airport. The false passport may have been uncaught by the human eye, yet due to the accuracy of the facial recognition technology it managed to help officers catch the imposter and bring him to justice. Facial recognition thus allows officers to identify an individual faster and more accurately than the human eye. Facial recognition uses algorithms to match physical characteristics against photos and videos of people's faces, which have been collected from visas, passports and other sources. Facial recognition allows officers to identify an individual faster and more accurately than the human eye At airports the use of facial recognition has proved to both enhance security as well as speed up processes such as check-inWhilst some critics may worry about issues of privacy related to the technology, at airports the use of facial recognition has proved to both enhance security as well as speed up processes such as check-in and, in the future, even boarding proceedings. If used correctly and proportionately, facial recognition can help safeguard the public and improve national security on several fronts. Whilst the many benefits of facial recognition are evident, the lack of regulation and understanding of the technology has led to misconception around how it works and what it is used for. Facial recognition technology can match faces in crowded public places against criminal watch lists, and register faces that match with those on criminal watch lists – whilst ignoring everyone else.
Terry Gold of D6 Research has been giving “cyber in physical security” presentations at a variety of conferences, including ISC West and the Cyber:Secured Forum. We caught up with him for some insights about the intersection of cybersecurity and physical security. Q: Tell us a little bit about your background, specifically in the context of its relevance to cyber security in physical access. Gold: I started out in information security and then got involved in physical security along the way. I started really focusing on physical from a cyber standpoint about 10 years ago. I got into ethical hacking about 8 years ago, and then worked on putting it all together. There wasn’t a roadmap, so I had to build a methodology which I now share with other hackers, end users and law enforcement. I spend all my time either in the lab building success models, methods, and testing them out in some of the largest customers or agencies in the world for validation and improvement. Also, a chunk of my time is spent re-engineering security assessment and controls for end users or validating vendors on their behalf from a unique viewpoint that’s not (yet) typical in the industry. Q: How well prepared is physical security overall against cyber threats? Gold: Not well at all. While security is imperfect anywhere, much of the practices and designs have critical defects and overlook either best practice or fundamental application security principles. I’d say that the industry is very wide open for exploitation that doesn’t take much sophistication to execute. Breach disclosure laws are focused on mandatory reporting for personally identifiable information (PII) Q: What things stand out to you along your journey regarding the changes that you are seeing on this topic? Gold: Culture. Over the years, the industry (and most end users) have been dismissive of my findings. Industry culture hasn’t been aligned to embrace the topic and make requisite improvements that are needed to achieve “good security.” However, I’m finally starting to see that change – quickly and at scale. It doesn’t mean that we’re close to “good,” but rather reached the inflection point of change – and I’m rather pleased about it. Breach disclosure laws has resulted in IT getting a lot of media attention in comparison to hacks made against physical security Q: D6 does a lot of research in this area. What is the analysis behind the recent push for cyber security in physical security? Gold: First, it must be recognised that the threat isn’t new, but rather that the industry is only now coming to the table on it. Industry sentiment has been that breaches in physical security don’t happen or that there’s little impact.It must be recognised that the threat isn’t new, but rather that the industry is only now coming to the table on it Both are false. Mainly, IT gets all the media attention with breaches for two reasons; 1) breach disclosure laws are focused on mandatory reporting for personally identifiable information (PII), and 2) there is really poor detection (mostly non-existent) against hacks in physical security, so they go unrecognised. On the other side, as physical security systems increasingly resemble an IT architecture, so does their risk profile. As it expands to mobile, cloud, IOT and intelligence - InfoSec and auditors are taking a look and are alarmed at what they’re seeing. Before you know it, the scrutiny is cutting pretty deep, pressure for alignment becomes intense, and vendors feel the pinch on the sales cycles. It’s not a comfortable position for anyone. Q: What will be the projected impact? Are practitioners seeing the whole picture? Gold: No, and this area is probably the most important takeaway of this interview. The industry is where InfoSec was about 15 years ago in their journey, except we have an additional headwind to deal with – culture change. This industry tends to rely more on trusted relationships than validating the recommendations are being provided. There are too many prevailing misconceptions, that unless remediated, investments won’t be as effective as expected. Q: What do you believe are the top misconceptions? Gold: Well, this is a longer topic, but here’s a sampling that cuts across different areas. Regarding hackers: A misconception is that they’re generally not interested. Hackers are increasingly very interested. When I teach a workshop at a hacker conference, it’s usually the quickest to fill up and go to wait list (within a couple hours). Regarding attacks: A misconception is that attacks are executed directly against the target system. Example, their goal is to get into VMS and attack it directly. The reality is that they’re more commonly dynamic where physical is part of a larger attack and its role is an easier gateway to another system (or vice versa, with many hops). Regarding protective measures. The most prevalent mistake that the industry is currently making is too much focus and reliance on air-gapping networks or locking ports. This is only a slice of the attack surface and there are various ways to get around it. There’s a heavy price to pay for those that that rely too much on this strategy since its often accompanied by few mechanisms to deal with actors once they do get in (and they definitely will). Regarding the value of exploiting physical security. Too often perceived as low value. In our white paper we review many of the things that hackers can do, what they gain, and how it can impact the overall organisation. It’s far broader and deeper than most. Q: What are the top things that need to change in the industry? Gold: First, culture. This can be answered by adopting the same principles as InfoSec. From an execution standpoint, the industry needs to change how they perform risk assessments.At D6, we’ve developed a stepwise methodology from ground up and it’s a huge difference Industry practices, including certifications, are significantly outdated and don’t reflect a methodology that accurately considers cybersecurity, actors, methods, and proactive remedy. At D6, we’ve developed a stepwise methodology from ground up and it’s a huge difference. End users that don’t re-engineer their practice, will be very limited for meaningful cybersecurity improvement. One of the changes needed in the industry includes how risk assessments are performed Q: Generally, what advice do you give to clients on steps to move their cyber security to the next level? Gold: Don’t operate like a silo anymore. Transition from industry “common practices” to best practices that can be validated. Rely less on previous relationships and more toward domain competence. Collaborate with the CISO to a principled, goal-oriented and metrics-based approach. Embed an InfoSec person on the physical team. Present priorities and risks jointly to the board within an overall risk portfolio. Invite scrutiny from auditors. Get a red team performed once a year. Until you do the last step, you don’t really know where you stand (but don’t do it until the other things are done). Last, set the bar higher with vendors to support these improvements or their products will just end up being weak link. Q: What type of challenges do you see and any advice on how end user and integrators can overcome them? Lessons learned? Gold: There are too many specific domains across cybersecurity – it’s not just a network security resourceFeedback I get from integrators is that they’re struggling to figure out how to deliver expertise to their clients in their area. They’re somewhat overwhelmed with the complexity, becoming an expert or how expensive it is to hire and maintain those skilled resources. My best advice is not to do either. There are too many specific domains across cybersecurity – it’s not just a network security resource. Not even the large integrators have the right bench, and unfortunately, they’re just further down a doomed path than smaller integrators. Form a partnership with boutique cybersecurity firms that have multiple specialists. Negotiate rates, margins, scope, and call on them when needed. It won’t come out of your bottom line, the results will be better, and the risk will be extremely low. You’ll learn along the way too. Q: Anything notable that your research is uncovering in this area that might not be on people’s radar yet? Gold: Yes, quite a bit. Our Annual Industry Assessment Report goes through every segment. We’re making pretty bold statements about the future and impact, but we’re confident. One thing that stands out is how intelligence (and the swath of subsets) will impose stringent demands on physical security due to attribute and data collection (for analysis) which will absolutely require privacy compliance, integrity, and controls. It will even shape organisations that might not care about cybersecurity but are prioritising function. Q: Where can readers learn more about your perspectives on this topic? Gold: Blogs on the D6research.com website. Our annual report. Val Thomas of Securicon and D6 have collaborated on a three-part cybersecurity in physical white paper series. It goes into all of this in detail, as well as remedy.
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