Hanwha Techwin America introduce a building block NVR solution
Hanwha Techwin America introduce a building block NVR solution

Samsung has introduced a scaleable ‘building block’ network video recording system designed to uncomplicate the process of specifying a video storage solution large enough to meet immediate requirements, but which can be easily expanded if needed in the future. Samsung’s new ONVIF compliant SRN-1000 NVR provides up to 24TB of on-board video storage capacity and there is the potential of an additional 24TB of storage via two external e-Sata direct storage devices. An unlimited number of SRN-1000s can work in harmony to provide a seamless server style video recording solution. “We have taken the mystique and fear out of estimating how much video storage to allow for,” said Tim Biddulph, IP Product Manager for Samsung Techwin Europe Ltd. “Even experienced installers have told us that this can be a very costly mistake if they get it wrong, but it is obviously of particular concern for those who have limited experience of installing Video over IP systems.” By using a simple calculation chart and by taking into account the frame rate and image resolution requirements for each of the specified cameras; it is a simple matter to calculate how many SRN-1000s will be required for any video surveillance project. The Linux based SRN-1000 NVR can record at 100MBs, supports H.264, MPEG-4 and  MJPEG compression, and is fully compatible with Samsung Centralised Management Software which enables users from anywhere in the world to have access to live or recorded video via a PC or mobile device such as a smartphone or tablet In addition to Samsung megapixel and HD cameras, the SRN-1000 also supports AXIS, Panasonic and Sony ONVIF compliant cameras.  “Our design engineers have put a lot of thought into how to make this building block solution as installer friendly as possible,” said Tim Biddulph. “For example, as each of the SRN-1000’s eight internal HDDs is installed, they are automatically recognised and added to the recorder and immediately available for recording.” As is the case with all Samsung professional security products, the SRN-1000 is supplied with full support services from Samsung Techwin Europe Ltd, including free system design, free technical support and a full three-year warranty. Samsung’s professional security products are widely accessible across Europe via an extensive network of distributors. For further information please email STEsecurity@samsung.com or telephone +44 (0)1932 45 5308 or visit www.samsungsecurity.com

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Hanwha Techwin America’s new network video recorders offer the familiarity of a DVR
Hanwha Techwin America’s new network video recorders offer the familiarity of a DVR

Unlike most NVRs, which can only be programmed remotely, the two new Samsung models can also be locally configured and controlled with the help of a mouse and a very easy to use multi-language on-screen graphical user interface.The four channel Samsung SRN-470D and sixteen channel SRN-1670D both utilise H.264 compression to minimise bandwidth requirements whilst maintaining high image quality and also offer the option of using MPEG-4 or MJPEG compression. A recording throughput of 64mbps allows both models to simultaneously record in real time 704 x 480 resolution images from all connected cameras or up to Full HD (1920 x 1080) from selected cameras from Samsung's comprehensive range of IP cameras, Full HD megapixel, HD megapixel, 4-CIF and VGA cameras."I am confident that the competitively priced SRN-470D and SRN-1670D NVRs will very quickly become popular with both installers and users," said Tim Biddulph, IP Product Manager for Samsung Techwin Europe Ltd. "A key benefit of an NVR is that it can be installed anywhere on a network. This could be in a central control room or immediately adjacent to sets of cameras, but wherever it is located, a separate PC is usually required by installers for programming purposes, as well as for a user to view the live or recorded images. The great advantage offered by the SRN-470D and SRN-1670D is that it can be programmed and controlled by just the use of a plug-in mouse and in this respect it offers familiarity with a DVR. This should prove to be a particularly attractive feature for installers who have limited experience of commissioning IP network based recording solutions."An additional installer friendly and time saving feature incorporated into the SRN-470D and SRN-1670D is the ability to automatically detect and register all of the connected cameras. The SRN-470D has the facility for a 2TB SATA HDD, whilst the SRN-1670D, with the capacity for five SATA HDDs, offers the potential for a massive 10TB of on-board storage. Both models can record audio across all channels and have a built-in DVD Writer and USB ports for easy export of video as well as a 1080P resolution HDMI output. Full compatibility with Samsung's license-free NET-i Viewer Centralised Management Software (CMS) ensures users can access an SRN-470D or SRN-1670D NVR via a PC from anywhere in the world, keeping people connected 24/7 with their security systems wherever they may be. Available from all Samsung distributors, the SRN-470D or SRN-1670D SRN are offered with full support services from Samsung Techwin Europe Ltd, including free system design, free technical support and a full three-year warranty.For further information please email STEsecurity@samsung.com or telephone +44 (0)1932 45 5308 or http://www.samsungsecurity.com/

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Hanwha Techwin America Techwin introduces new  high performance 64 channel NVR
Hanwha Techwin America Techwin introduces new high performance 64 channel NVR

The ability to record in real-time the images from 64 x 2 Megapixel cameras may be impressive, but it is the features that make the SRN-4000 so highly resilient and easy to use that are likely to attract the attention of installers and system integrators who are looking to minimise the total cost of ownership of their clients’ video surveillance systems. The SRN-4000 is able to simultaneously record and multi-stream the transmission of images at a high bandwidth speed of 400Mbps. It also offers the potential to record and store, via 12 internal hard drives, video captured by 64 x 2 Megapixel cameras for up to 108 days or up to 43 days for the same number of 5 Megapixel cameras. As well as the full range of Samsung Techwin IP network cameras, the SRN-4000 also supports other manufacturers’ cameras which are ONVIF compliant.  The 12 internal hot-swappable hard drives support RAID5 and RAID6 recording which provides protection against unrecoverable read errors as well as whole HDD failure. The SRN-400 also features an iSCSI interface giving users access to very large storage devices, if required. A lot of thought has gone into the SRN-4000’s on-screen user interface to ensure that it can be configured in only four steps using the ‘Easy Setup’ wizard, whilst cameras can be registered without complication via a quick set up process. The provision of a local monitor output means that a separate PC is not needed to carry out any of these functions. A mouse and a monitor can simply be connected directly to the SRN-4000 and installers can then easily add and set up cameras. “The SRN-4000 has a long list of features designed to ensure that it is highly reliable and resilient as well as easy to use and operate,” said Tim Biddulph, IP Product Manager for Samsung Techwin Europe Ltd. “Our design engineers have, for example, built in a hard drive ‘Hot Swap’ facility so that recording is not interrupted if a fault occurs, whilst power reliability is enhanced by way of a dual power supply. The SRN-4000 will continue to operate with a single power supply while the failed unit is replaced.” Fast and efficient searching The SRN-4000 enables users to quickly find and review video of any incident by using a combination of advanced motion detection as well as video analytics and metadata search options. Images can be searched by classification, e.g. keyword search such as ‘car’ or ‘people’, whilst a heat map feature provides the opportunity to statistically analyse concentrated spots of activity.

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64 channel Network Video Recorder from Hanwha Techwin America
64 channel Network Video Recorder from Hanwha Techwin America

The SNR-6400 network video recorder from Samsung forms part of the company's easy to use iPOLiS IP range and can simultaneously record up to 64 video and audio streams.Introduced to match the requirements of customers, who wish to cost-effectively capitalise on the advantages of viewing and retrieving recorded video over an IP network, the SNR-6400 boasts a 1152 images per second (ips) record rate that can be used to record all 64 channels in near real-time, or selected cameras in real-time, at full D1 resolution.Offering users a choice of MPEG-4 or JPEG compression, the SNR-6400 is equipped with automatic bandwidth control to ensure efficient usage of the network.Samsung's design engineers have focussed on ensuring that the SNR-6400 delivers a high performance solution to customers who have a requirement for a medium to large CCTV system. In addition to four internal hard drives, there are expansion bays for four external hard drives and collectively these provide the potential for 20TB of storage. It also supports RAID5 and up to four NAS connections.The SNR-6400 is fully compatible with Samsung highly acclaimed licence free Central Management Software (CMS) platform that brings together both analogue and IP products and can seamlessly interact with all other products in the Samsung iPOLiS product range as well as other selected manufacturers' IP devices. It also supports a web viewer programme and can be easily configured via a front LCD window.Also available is a 32 channel version - the SNR-3200.

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Network Video Recorders (NVRs) - Expert commentary

Video surveillance must modernise in storage, recording and on-demand access
Video surveillance must modernise in storage, recording and on-demand access

Dollars spent by video surveillance customers must go towards ensuring high-availability capture, storage and on-demand access to live and archived video. Reaching this goal mandates high-availability of independent components – camera, network, storage (edge, external), internet connectivity, display, all Video Management Software (VMS) components and an architecture that can take advantage of this. In this note, we focus on seeing our way through to a video surveillance architecture, that provides high availability storage, access to live and stored video content. Of all options available to store recorded video, edge recording is the only one that is unaffected by network failure Edge recording Of all options available to store recorded video, edge recording is the only one that is unaffected by network failure. This makes edge storage a must-have. But, this has some limitations at present: Edge storage capacity is limited. Edge media has a short lifetime, rated only for thousands of hours of continuous recording. Most cameras are not secure and physical damage to the camera could lead to catastrophic loss of edge stored content. As storage and compression technology evolve, the constraints imposed by (1) and (2) could go away. However, securing cameras will continue to be a barrier for most installations. Secure external storage It is thus imperative to also store video in secure external storage. Such an architecture uses edge storage to fill in content gaps created by network, external storage outages. As edge storage technology improves, larger gaps can be filled in, but one will always need external storage. By our definition, ‘external storage’ is a solution stack that includes storage media and all software (including VMS) that provide access to this storage. Access to live and archived video Access to live video can either be met by external storage or directly by the camera Every surveillance solution needs to provide access to live and archived video. Access to live video can either be met by external storage or (and) directly by the camera. All things being equal, having the camera directly provide live video access, is a higher-availability solution. There is dependence on fewer components in the chain. Solutions in the market use one of the above two approaches for access to live video. Due to limited capacity and low physical security of edge storage, it makes sense at present, to have external storage meet all requests for archive video. Thus, we are led to an architecture that has heavy dependence on external storage. Dual-recording For high-availability, external storage must be architected with redundancy. Ideally, independent components that make up external storage – storage media, associated hardware and software (including VMS components), should be individually redundant and have smart interconnectivity. However, solutions in the market rigidly tie these components together. Failure of a single component causes failure of external storage. For e.g. hardware failure of a server causes VMS component failure AND storage failure. DR provides a smart way to provide high-availability for external storage For these solutions in the market, high-availability is achieved by having additional external storage units that step-in during outages of primary units. If these additional units continuously duplicate primary units, access gaps are minimised, and archive access is un-affected during primary unit outages. This is the idea behind Dual-Recording (DR).  To meet cost budgets, these additional units can be configured to store subsampled (framerate, resolution) video content. A small number of additional units can support concurrent outages of all primary units. A few-to-many redundancy. Rising need for dual-recording Most cameras cannot be physically secured, and video content produced by a camera must be stored externally. Many VMS solutions use external storage to service live video access requests. Edge storage limitations impose restrictions on edge archive access at present. So, external storage is used to service requests for archive access too. Thus, a surveillance system ends up being over-dependent on external storage. DR provides a smart way to provide high-availability for external storage. As edge storage improves, it will be able to service archive access requests. VMS software will need to evolve, to use this capability smartly.

Artificial intelligence is changing intrusion detection dynamics in the security industry
Artificial intelligence is changing intrusion detection dynamics in the security industry

With the ever-growing availability of video data thanks to the low cost of high-resolution video cameras and storage, artificial intelligence (AI) and deep learning analytics now have become a necessity for the physical security industry, including access control and intrusion detection. Minimising human error and false positives are the key motivations for applying AI technologies in the security industry. What is artificial intelligence? Artificial intelligence is the ability of machines to learn from experience using a multi-layer neural network, which mimics the human brain, in order to recognise items and patterns and make decisions without human interference. The human brain is estimated to have 86 billion neurons; in comparison, the newest Nvidia GPU Volta has 21 billion transistors (the equivalence of a neuron), which offers the performance of hundreds of CPUs for deep learning.AI can learn continuously 24 hours per day every day, constantly acquiring, retaining and improving its knowledge In addition, unlike humans, AI can learn continuously 24 hours per day every day, constantly acquiring, retaining and improving its knowledge. With such enormous processing power, machines using Nvidia GPU and similar chips can now distinguish faces, animals, vehicles, languages, parts of speech, etc. Depending on the required complexity, level of details, acceptable error margin, and learning data quality, AI can learn new objects within as fast as a few seconds using Spiking Neural Network (SNN) to a few weeks using Convolution Neural Network (CNN). While both SNN and CNN offer advantages and drawbacks, they outperform tradition security systems without AI in terms of efficiency and accuracy. According to the research reports of MarketsandMarkets, the market size of perimeter intrusion detection systems is projected to increase from 4.12 billion USD in 2016 to 5.82 billion USD in 2021 at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 7.1%. Meanwhile, the predicted market of AI in security (both cyber security and physical security) will grow from 3.92 billion USD in 2017 to 34.81 billion USD by 2025, i.e., with an impressive CAGR of 31.38%. Legacy perimeter intrusion detection systems Legacy perimeter intrusion detection systems (PIDSs) are typically set up with the following considerations: Geographical conditions: landscape, flora, fauna, climate (sunrise, sunset, weather conditions, etc.), whether there are undulations in the terrain that would block the field of view of cameras Presence or lack of other layers of physical protection or barriers Integration with other systems in the security network: camera, storage, other defensive lines (door, lock, alarm, etc.) Types of alarm triggers and responses System complexity: intrusion detection with various types of sensors, e.g., microwave sensors, radar sensors, vibration sensors, acoustic sensors, etc. Length of deployment Local regulations: privacy protection, whether the cameras/sensors must be visible/hidden/buried, etc., electromagnetic interferences that may affect other systems such as oil rigs or power plants Human involvement: on-site personnel arrangement, human monitoring, human action in response to alarms AI object detection can easily distinguish different types of people and objects Pain points and benefits of AI The conditions listed above correspond to certain requirements of an intrusion detection systems: minimal false alarm, easy setup and maintenance, easy integration, and stable performance.AI by nature is designed to learn, adapt itself and evolve to work in multiple conditions: it should be integrated with existing video recording systems  Minimal false alarms: False alarms lead to increased cost and inefficiency but are the main problem of PIDSs without AI technology, where animals, trees, shadows, and weather conditions may trigger the sensors. AI object detection can easily distinguish different types of people and objects, e.g., in a region set up to detect people, a car driving by, a cat walking by, or a person’s shadow will not trigger the alarm. Therefore, the amount of false alarms can be reduced by 70% to orders of magnitude. Easy setup and maintenance: Legacy PIDSs without AI must account for terrain, line of sight of cameras, sensor locations; any changes to the system would require manual effort to recalculate such factors and may disturb other components in the system. In contrast, AI PIDSs enable the system administrator to access the entire system or individual cameras from the control room, configure the region and object of interest in the field of view of cameras within minutes, and adjust with ease as often as necessary. Computing knowledge and even specific security training are not required to set up a secured PIDS with AI because AI PIDS is designed to relieve humans from knowing the inner working of machines. Easy integration with complementary technologies: Legacy PIDS without AI relies on physical technology, which are often proprietary and require complete overhaul of systems to function smoothly. On the other hand, AI by nature is designed to learn, adapt itself and evolve to work in multiple conditions, so AI PIDS is easily integrated with existing video recording (camera) and storage (NVR) systems. AI also eliminates the need for physical wireless or fiber-based sensors; instead, it functions based on the videos captured by cameras. Furthermore, AI enables easy and instantaneous combinations of multiple layers of defense, e.g., automatic triggering of door lock, camera movement focusing and access control as soon as a specified object is detected in the region of interest, all set up with a click of a button.  Stable performance and durability: Legacy PIDSs without AI requires complicated setup with multiple components in order to increase detection accuracy. More components mean a higher probability of malfunction in the system, including exposure to damages (e.g., sensors can be destroyed) and delay in detection, while human monitoring is inconsistent due to human fatigue (studies have shown that a person can concentrate in mundane tasks for only up to 20 minutes, and the attention span decreases even more rapidly when humans are faced with multiple items at once, e.g., multiple camera monitoring screens). AI significantly reduces, if not completely eliminates the need for human involvement in the intrusion detection system once it is set up. In addition, AI reduces the risk of system malfunction by simplifying the hardware sensors needed. Minimising human error and false positives are the key motivations for applying AI technologies in the security industry Additional benefits of AI in intrusion detection Artificial Intelligence is undeniably reshaping every business and weaving into every aspect of daily lifeMaximal detection capability: The most advanced AI intrusion detection system today provides an all-in-one solution to distinguish any combination of alarm-triggering criteria beyond perimeter protection. Using AI, the system administrator can configure as many zones with different settings and object of interests as necessary, which include detections for specific colors or attributes (e.g., person not wearing the required uniform or carrying food/drink), numbers and dwell time (e.g., group of more than 5 people loitering), or movements (e.g., cars moving faster than the speed limit). In addition, AI can accurately pinpoint the location of event occurrence by displaying the camera that records the event in near real time, i.e., with few-second delays. Lower security operation cost: By minimising the number of false positives and human involvement while maximising ease of use and stability, AI intrusion detection systems significantly decrease the total cost of ownership. Companies can reduce the large security personnel overhead and cost of complicated and expensive legacy PIDSs systems. McKinsey Global report in June 2017 shows that proactive AI adopters can realize up to 15% increase in profit margin across various industries. Artificial Intelligence is undeniably reshaping every business and weaving into every aspect of daily life. In security, legacy systems are giving way to AI-based systems, and the first enterprises to adopt AI-based systems will soon, if not immediately, benefit from such investment. By Paul Sun, CEO of IronYun, and Mai Truong, Marketing Manager of IronYun

Live-streaming mobile surveillance takes cameras to the action
Live-streaming mobile surveillance takes cameras to the action

Video surveillance across the world is growing exponentially and its major application is in both public safety and law enforcement. Traditionally, it has been fixed surveillance where cameras provide live streams from fixed cameras situated in what is considered strategic locations. But they are limited in what they can see given by their very definition of being "fixed." The future of video surveillance includes the deployment of more mobile video surveillance with the benefits it offers. Instead of fixed cameras, this is the ability to live stream from mobile devices on the move such as body-worn cams, drones, motorbikes, cars, helicopters and in some cases, even dogs!Sending drones into the air, for example for missing people or rescue missions, is much more cost-effective than deploying helicopters Advantages of mobile surveillance The advantage of mobile surveillance is that the camera can go to where the action is, rather than relying on the action going to where the camera is. Also, sending drones into the air, for example for missing people or rescue missions, is much more cost-effective than deploying helicopters. The ability to live stream video from cars and helicopters in high-speed pursuits can be used to take some of the operational issues from the first responders on the ground and share that “life and death” responsibility with the operational team leaders back in the command centre. This allows the first responders in the pursuit vehicle to focus on minimising risk while staying in close proximity of the fleeing vehicle, with direction from a higher authority who can see for themselves in real time the issues that are being experienced, and direct accordingly. In addition to showing video live stream from a pursuit car or motorcycle, by using inbuilt GPS tracking, the video can be displayed on a map in real time, allowing a command chief to better utilise additional resource and where to deploy them, through the use of displaying mapping information with real time video feed. It allows police chiefs to make better informed decisions in highly-charged environments. The 4G phone network can now be used with compressed video to live stream cost effectively Application in emergency situations The same is true of first responders in many different emergency situations. Mobile surveillance opens up a new area of efficiencies that previously was impossible to achieve. For example, special operations can wear action body-worn cameras when doing raids, fire departments can live stream from emergency situations with both thermal and daylight cameras, and paramedics can send video streams back to hospitals allowing doctors to remotely diagnose and prepare themselves for when patients arrive at the hospital. How can special operations and emergency first responders live stream video from a mobile camera with the issues of weight, reliability and picture-quality being considered? H265 mobile video compression Law enforcement insists on secure transmissions, and it is possible to encrypt video to the highest level of security available in the public domain The 4G phone network can now be used with compressed video to live stream cost effectively. The issue of course is that 4G is not always reliable. Soliton Systems has mitigated this risk of low mobile quality in certain areas, by building an H265 mobile video compression device that can use multiple SIM cards from different cellular providers simultaneously. H265 is the latest compression technique for video, that is 50% more effective than conventional H264, and coupling this with using multiple “bonded” SIM cards provides a highly reliable connection for live-streaming high-quality HD video. The 400-gram device with an internal battery can be connected to a small action cam, and can live-stream simultaneously over at least three different cellular providers, back to a command centre. Latency is typically less than a second, and new advance improvements are looking to reduce that latency further. Encrypted video transmission What about security? Law enforcement insists on secure transmissions, and it is possible to encrypt video to the highest level of security available in the public domain, i.e. AES256.What about integration into existing video infrastructure at the command centre? It is not untypical for a police force to have an existing video management system (VMS) at their command centre such as Milestone System’s Xprotect. The Soliton range of products are ONVIF-compliant, a standard used by video surveillance cameras for interoperability, allowing cameras and video devices that are ONVIF-compliant to simply “plug&play” into existing video management systems. These mobile transmitters are deployed with law enforcement and first responders across the globe. Their ability to provide secure, full HD quality and highly-reliable video streaming within a small unit, and to enable it to be integrated into the current eco-system that is already installed at the receiving end, has made them a favourite choice with many companies and government agencies.