Open solution makes integration of the various products – from doorway to doorway – seamless and simple

Looking at electronic access control (EAC) from an applications perspective is very helpful to security professionals when analysing how to best protect a facility and its people. The fact is, no two doors are alike and no two end users are alike. Breaking down individual doors into a series of classifications can be most helpful in assuring that the EAC is performing to the highest standards that the budget allows. Karen Keating, Allegion Portfolio Marketing Manager, Electronic Access Control, explains that to do so, an open solution is beneficial. It makes integration of the various products – from doorway to doorway – seamless and simple. An open technology platform can adapt to any environment throughout the organisation with virtually any access control system the end user installs and supports.

Using an open solution, EAC can be broken into five categories of applications –

  1. Standard: EAC is used to secure the perimeter access points in real time. Standard applications feature hardwired card readers and system accessories including electrified locks, electronic strikes and electromagnetic locks.
  2. High Security: EAC is used to control highly restricted or sensitive openings. It features multi-factor authentication and biometrics.
  3. Interior Openings and Upgrades: Here, EAC is used predominantly in retrofit applications that feature integrated electronic locks, which eliminate the need to run wires to each opening.
  4. Specialty: Access control used in remote or hard to reach areas which feature wireless devices that eliminate running wires to challenging locations.
  5. Standalone: Access control that is typically applied to openings that do not require monitoring or updating in real time.

Let’s take a quick look at each.

Standard Applications

In office suites, government buildings and light commercial facilities, tenants want flexible access control solutions that let them work with what they already have without making major new investments. Readers should be designed on an open platform and work with a variety of credential technologies from PINs to proximity to smart and even NFC-enabled smart phones. Such a system provides easy transitions to upgraded technologies over time and as budgets grow.

In hospitals, surgical centres and medical office buildings, double doors can be used to control traffic in a hallway or corridor. Electronic trim will ensure that only authorised individuals have access to secure areas and also enable centralised lockdown at a moment’s notice. Such applications often use locking systems that combine the electrified lock, reader, door position and REX switches together into one device.

In office, commercial, industrial and medical buildings, perimeter exits and entrances need both secure access and reliable door operation that is in compliance with safety codes. For high traffic doors, electric strikes should feature heavy duty stainless steel construction for use with single, double and fire-rated doors.

Wireless locks provide the benefits of hardwired access control without the need to run wires
A multi-technology reader with keypad lets organisations implement multi-factor authentication for increased security

In many buildings, the automated opening can serve as a secure perimeter entrance that combines EAC with ADA-compliant accessibility. In others, doors with delayed egress are used where it’s critical that staff have time to verify identity and secure an individual, if needed, before the door opens.

High Security Applications

Research laboratories, biohazard areas, pharmaceutical dispensaries, data centres and record offices typically have a limited number of users but require a very high level of security to protect private, dangerous or expensive materials, goods or information. For these areas, smart cards utilise encrypted technology to offer the highest in credential security. A multi-technology reader with keypad lets organisations implement multi-factor authentication to provide increased security by requiring both a card and PIN to enter.

Biometric technologies, such as hand geometry readers, deliver the highest level of security because the credential is directly tied to one user and it cannot be duplicated. Only biometrics verifies that the right person is entering an opening at the right time. Such security works for both perimeter and interior openings. When placed at a school’s entrance, biometrics can be used to manage access of parents, visitors and staff.

Interior Openings and Upgrades

Universities, classrooms, older historic buildings and other similar facilities find upgrading to be challenging, especially when dealing with brick and concrete construction. Wireless locks provide the benefits of hardwired access control without the need to run wires.

Stairwell doors sometimes require controlled access to various floors while ensuring safe egress in emergencies. Wireless trim can be used to upgrade exit devices.

Two story entrances can create a host of problems. A wireless reader interface will connect the reader to the access control system without having to run new wires up and over the ceiling.

Specialty Applications

With an open platform, they can create EAC solutions which increase security throughout the facility while helping keeping budgets in check

Extending access control to remote buildings and storage sheds is simplified with wireless technology that seamlessly integrates into existing access control systems and eliminates digging trenches. Communications range is up to 1,000 feet and remote antennas will increase that.

Using wireless, organisations can control access to the parking gates using the same credential used in the building, accessing the same access control system. Restricting access via elevators to specific floors is simplified and much less costly. A wireless portable reader will extend the perimeter of any facility at a moment’s notice or validate credentials at remote or temporary access points. Kits are available for such applications to make installation much easier.

Standalone Applications

Standalone locks provide a cost-effective way to manage access to openings that do not require real-time monitoring and control such as at common areas, storage rooms, retail store fronts and secondary or employee entrances. Audit trails can provide a record of who requested access. The locks can interface with peripheral devices such as automatic operators, electric strikes and electromagnetic locks and be used with offline access control software to set time zones, holiday schedules and retrieve audits.

For schools that are looking to upgrade classroom level security but do not have the budget for a fully networked access control system, an affordable standalone solution can provide immediate local lockdown by simply pushing the button on a remote fob from anywhere in the classroom.

No Two Doors Are Alike

By looking at EAC from an application standpoint, organisations can assure that each door is provided the level of security that is required. With an open platform, they can create EAC solutions which increase security throughout the facility while helping keeping budgets in check.

Only biometrics verifies that the right person is entering an opening at the right time
Share with LinkedIn Share with Twitter Share with Facebook Share with Facebook
Download PDF version

Author profile

Karen Keating Portfolio Manager, Electronic Locks and System Components, Allegion plc

In case you missed it

HID shares tips for returning to the workplace post-COVID-19
HID shares tips for returning to the workplace post-COVID-19

Sooner or later (hopefully sooner), the novel coronavirus global pandemic will allow workplaces to reopen. But as we move into this recovery phase, there are many questions surrounding the transition. How can companies ensure facilities are in acceptable working order to reopen? How do they decide who is coming back and when? How will social distancing impact the operation of a company’s physical access control system? How can companies ensure that both visitors and employees are aware of the policy changes and extra controls? For answers to these and other salient questions, we called on Ian Lowe, Product Marketing Director of HID SAFE Identity and Access Management (IAM) solutions. “There’s no doubt about it: the global pandemic will change the way we live, work, and conduct business for some time,” says Lowe. “Over the past several weeks, we have been working with customers to enable a safe return to the workplace. We have observed that the number of challenges in the mid-to-long-term level and the associated complexity vary by location.” Lowe shares some of the proactive measures and best practices that can assist in a safe return to the workplace as we settle into a “new normal”. Challenge 1: Ensuring building readiness After being unoccupied for weeks or months, building readiness must be addressed completely before welcoming anyone inside. Even though employees may be eager to return, the workplace itself may not be ready. Companies may want to consider continuing remote work while facility operations are prepped. Challenge 2: workforce management There’s no doubt about it: the global pandemic will change the way we live, work, and conduct business for some time While it is dependent on location and industry, taking a phased approach is the best course of action when allowing employees, contractors and visitors back into facilities. First, facilities management will want to survey the property for readiness and then provide an estimate as to when employees may begin reporting back into the office. Next, it’s important to consider that office density needs are interrelated to the facility architecture. It is possible to accommodate a higher capacity of workforce in an airy, open office space than in a constrained one. A good rule of thumb is to start by introducing no more than 30% of employees back into the workplace at first. This could be a rolling group model in which the population total remains controlled and constant, but specific individuals vary from day to day. This option is good for a workforce that needs to be together in person but not necessarily all at the same time due to office density concerns. Welcoming visitors or customers into the office should be delayed as long as possible. If that’s not feasible, visitor numbers should be factored into the total density count. A cloud-based visitor management system can help with implementation. Challenge 3: Controlling access The ability to vet staff, employees, contractors and visitors before and during the return will vary greatly depending on the location. Policies should be implemented that require employees to be screened regularly — and for an extended amount of time. Look to answer the following questions: Where have you visited in the days since last entering the workplace? Have you come into contact with anyone else who has recently visited high-risk areas? Have you shown any symptoms of infection in the past xx number of days? Policies should be implemented that require employees to be screened regularly — and for an extended amount of time If there is cause for concern, refuse the visitor and/or supplement the screening process with additional steps. Temperature checking is mandatory in many organisations⁠— often multiple times a day. This applies to interactions at delivery bays, too. A policy-based physical identity and access management solution integrated with existing physical access controls makes it possible to enforce, monitor and report this type of activity. Challenge 4: Social distancing and contact tracing plan Social distancing may continue within the office, which will impact restrictions and guidelines related to access control. The office layout may be reworked for proper distance between cubicles, workplace positions and employees. Specific entrances, exits and pathways may be designated as one-way-only. Assigning Bluetooth LE beacons to employees once they are inside the workplace will allow companies to monitor proximity to others and measure localised density in real-time⁠ by using location services, contact tracing, and surge response technologies. Challenge 5: Reduced physical touchpoints Contactless technologies can help enforce social distancing and reduce touchpoints on common surfaces Reducing the number of physical touchpoints is desirable throughout a workplace. Contactless technologies can help enforce social distancing and reduce touchpoints on common surfaces such as faucets, doorknobs, coffee pot handles, etc. While introducing additional security checks and screenings, it’s important to not increase touchpoints and further infection risks. There have been more requests for a contactless experience to secure workplace access, including automatic doors and turnstiles, contactless cards and mobile access. Challenge 6: Communicating for confidence Proactive communication is key to provide reassurance that appropriate safety measures have been taken and that both visitors and employees are aware of the policy changes and extra controls. Equally important is to communicate a policy change – and the reasoning behind it – before it happens. While there may not be an exact expiration date on these new policies, ensuring that impacted individuals will have a safer experience is universally appreciated.

Elevated temperature screening is paving the way to Britain’s reopening
Elevated temperature screening is paving the way to Britain’s reopening

Technology has played a vital role in how businesses have enabled their employees to work productively from home during the COVID-19 pandemic. For those of us who can do our jobs from home you only have to look at the ‘Zoom Boom’ to see how much our working lives have changed compared to the beginning of the year. Despite the fact that those companies that can are now productively and efficiently operating remotely, the country is now facing the next challenge in this crisis: how to safely reopen workplaces for those who can’t. There is no argument that the economy hasn’t taken a hit during this unpredictable time. Shops, restaurants and entertainment facilities have been forced to close, and 23% of the country’s workforce (6.3 million people) has been furloughed. It’s no surprise that the Bank of England has warned that the UK is heading towards its sharpest recession on record. To counter this economic risk, the government is taking steps to slowly and cautiously reopen the economy by easing lockdown measures, sending people back to work and allowing businesses to reopen. With non-essential retail outlets now able to open from the 15th June, the question business owners face is how to operate safely and maintain social distancing practices, which are set to remain in place until such time as a vaccine is widely available. With lockdown easing and a ‘new normal’ on the horizon, the health of the country’s workforce mustn’t be forgotten in a bid to save the economy. This is why technology that can allow for a controlled return to work, while mitigating any risks to the health of consumers and employees, must play a part in the easing of lockdown. Temperature screening in the new normal Elevated temperature screening is one technology that should play a key part in return to work strategies and the safe reopening of businesses. This valuable solution uses a thermal and optical camera to analyse body temperature, which is a key indicator of the presence of a potential illness, and discreetly alerts the operator when the set temperature threshold is exceeded by someone screened by the tool. With temperature screening technology in place, the exposure of potentially infected individuals to others can be dramatically decreased and the risk of a localised outbreak minimised. Furthermore, for businesses such as retailers whose success is dependent on customers feeling safe to visit the premises, it has the added benefit of giving them additional assurances that visible measures for their protection are in place. In combination with other solutions, such as vigorous testing and screens to protect employees and customers, returning to work can be safe and controlled. With temperature screening technology in place, the exposure of potentially infected individuals to others can be dramatically decreased The reality of a ‘new normal’ may already be visible in some industries, such as grocery retail where one-way systems, plastic screens and constant cleaning are already in place. However, elevated temperature screening has countless applications for both essential and non-essential industries, ranging from offices and train stations, to hospitals and pharmacies. This screening technology allows businesses to take preventative steps to minimise the chances of the wider workforce and customers coming into contact with someone exhibiting symptoms of a potential illness. A number of businesses are already deploying this technology, such as Vodafone, which has deployed heat detection cameras at key UK sites to protect its employees. The camera used by the telco can screen up to eight people at once and 100 people per minute, while judging body temperature in less than half a second – all of which makes it ideal for congested and high traffic areas. Not all solutions are created equal Over the past few months, we have been inundated with images and videos of temperature screening taking place within key industries, which have continued to operate through the pandemic. However, the hand-held thermometers commonly being used require the device to be within an extremely short range of the subject and are only able to screen one person at a time. This is why remote elevated temperature screening solutions are so valuable – especially given that social distancing guidelines are unlikely to be relaxed in the near future. Stand-off solutions can enable temperature screening to take place without the need for close human interaction, further safeguarding employees and reducing the risk of contact with potentially infected individuals. Elevated temperature screening has countless applications for both essential and non-essential industries, ranging from offices and train stations, to hospitals and pharmacies Along with remote capabilities, there are a number of other crucial factors to take into account. The solution must be quick and easy to implement, as well as being highly accurate. When paired with a blackbody, the accuracy of temperature screening solutions can be within 0.3°C. Connectivity is also key and adopting an end-to-end solution linked to a centralised command and control location is invaluable. With holistic connectivity, these solutions can encompass cameras installed in multiple locations, and alarms can be viewed locally, remotely or on a smartphone app. This means that staff don’t need to provide direct supervision to the device on-site. With the guidelines regarding which industries and sectors can reopen changing on an almost daily basis, it’s important that these protective solutions can be installed without overhauling the surveillance infrastructure already in place. Looking ahead, adopting a solution with an upgrade path to other enhancements, such a facial recognition, is favourable as they can be used in conjunction with future and existing security measures.  Shop local Stand-off solutions can enable temperature screening to take place without the need for close human interaction Businesses have plenty on their minds as they prepare for the uncertainty that is sure to continue throughout the rest of the year and beyond. However, due diligence can’t be left to the wayside when looking to adopt an elevated temperature screening solution. There are high-risk vendors present in the market, many of which have been blacklisted in the US, and they must be given a wide berth. Buying British-made technology can alleviate these security concerns, as well as avoiding any logistical issues caused by the breakdown of global supply chains.  As the economy cautiously reopens, the country will have to adapt to a ‘new normal’ over the coming months. Elevated temperature screening solutions should be implemented by businesses to protect the health of the workforce and customers alike – ultimately paving the way to a safe and controlled return to work.

Which security technology is most misunderstood, and why?
Which security technology is most misunderstood, and why?

The general public gets much of its understanding of security industry technology from watching movies and TV. However, there is a gap between reality and the fantasy world. Understanding of security technologies may also be shaped by news coverage, including expression of extreme or even exaggerated concerns about privacy. The first step in addressing any challenge is greater awareness, so we asked this week’s Expert Panel Roundtable: Which security industry technology is most misunderstood by the general public and why?