CCTV Camera lighting(655)
The Contera NVR appliance from Arecont Vision Costar is designed to offer powerful IP recording in an affordable, compact chassis. The Contera NVR appliance is equipped with an on-board 8 or 16 channel PoE switch, that can be upgraded to 24 channels, allowing for Plug and Play connection with ConteraWS™ or ONVIF cameras. With full integration to ConteraWS Web Services, the Contera NVR appliance offers centralised user management, single sign-on convenience, mobile apps and a web client that allows for easy remote connection to your recorders. Network setup is fast and easy using ConteraWS Web Services, and eliminates the need for port forwarding or DDNS. The Contera NVR appliance runs on a secure Linux OS and comes preloaded with ConteraVMS™ Server software as a turnkey solution.
The Evolution ExD Cameras, part of Oncam’s Specialist Camera Range, are unique to the 360-degree video surveillance market. Both ATEX, IEC and IECEx certified, the 5MP and 12MP versions have been specifically designed to meet the needs of customers operating in hazardous environmental conditions and potentially explosive atmospheres. The cameras’ housings are manufactured in Stainless Steel 316L, for maximum robustness. The IP66, IP67 and IP68 ratings make the enclosure resistant to harsh environmental conditions. Fit for use in markets such as Offshore and Onshore Environments, Industrial and Chemical Plants, Ports and Marine Applications and Food Processing Areas, the world’s first and only 360-degree ExD camera range is available in four mounting options: Surface Mount, Wall Mount, Pole Mount and Ceiling Mount. With no moving parts, the cameras can be PoE, 12 VDC or mains powered, dependent on whether they will be used indoor, outdoor or in extreme outdoor conditions. A heater is also available in the outdoor models. For enhanced connectivity in extreme outdoor applications, single or multi-mode fibre versions are offered. Indoor: EVO-05-EIP / EVO-12-EIP (PoE) Outdoor: EVO-05-EOA / EVO-12-EOA (115V) EVO-05-EOE / EVO-12-EOE (230V) Extreme Outdoor: EVO-05-ESA / EVO-12-ESA (115V, Single Fibre Optic Mode) EVO-05-ESE / EVO-12-ESE 230V, Single Fibre Optic Mode) EVO-05-EMA / EVO-12-EMA (115V, Multi Fibre Optic Mode) EVO-05-EME / EVO-12-EME (230V, Multi Fibre Optic Mode)
With 16ch perimeter protection, the XVR intelligently avoids false alarms to less important objects such as falling leaves and rain, and send alarms only when identifying human or vehicle. Face Recognition function enables alarm for suspects on blacklist, allowing passing for authorised people on whitelist, also alert for approaching of strangers. Besides, utilising 4ch Metadata Search functions, the new XVR products are smart search enabled, capable of automatically extracting face feature attributes. Offering incomparable perimeter protection, face recognition and metadata search technology, Dahua AI XVR is applicable to a wide range of industries ranging from retail to banking and real estate.
Since 2011, the patented Dallmeier Panomera® multifocal sensor technology has provided comprehensive video protection for vast areas in many football stadiums, perimeters, airports and city areas all over the world. The new Panomera® series, the “Ultraline“, has exceptionally high effective resolution for these situations. Dallmeier presents the first model of the new series, the Panomera® S8 Ultraline, which delivers up to 190 megapixel at 30 fps. The Panomera® concept has revolutionised video technology: with up to eight sensors in a single camera, it is possible to capture enormous distances in unprecedented resolution quality. With fewer cameras and considerably less expense for both infrastructure and management, the total cost of ownership of video solutions are reduced significantly. At the same time, customer specifications regarding pixel density and coverage can be satisfied very precisely. Up to 26,000 sqm. coverage with one camera The first model of the new Ultraline series, the Ultraline S8, has an excellent dynamic range of 130 dB UWDR (effective) for an extreme Panomera® effect. This enables a resolution of 125 px/m up to a distance of 160, 104 or 82 m, enabling individuals to be recognised over the entire distance. Identification of persons (250 px/m) is supported up to a distance of 46 m depending on the model, observation (62 px/m) is possible even up to a distance of 322 m. This corresponds to a huge image space of more than 26,000 sqm. with continuous depth of field. Permanent capture The multifocal sensor system captures and stores all regions of the image space in the highest detail resolution. At the same time, it is not important whether the operators are concentrating on a specific region in live mode (multiple detail zoom) or if regions of interest are displayed in detail based on video content analysis (multiple auto-tracking). The Panomera® recordings always include the entire area of interest and allow every operation to be analysed. “Made in Germany” and GDPR-ready Like all Dallmeier cameras the new Panomera® model is manufactured entirely in Germany, at the Dallmeier factory in Regensburg. This in itself is a major factor in the manufacturer’s data protection and data security strategy, since it is then impossible for unauthorised persons to gain access through “backdoors”, for example. In all, 14 functions such as the setup of private zones, People Masking or the very latest encryption-authentication technology in the processing chain of Dallmeier solutions ensure that the strict requirements of the GDPR relating to data protection and data security are met.
VIVOTEK’s FE9391-EV is the next generation of market-leading 12-Megapixel 360° panomorph network camera, featuring a detailed 12-Megapixel CMOS sensor which guarantees superb image quality. Utilising the latest in panomorph lens technology for 180° panoramic view (wall mount) or 360° surround view (ceiling/wall/floor mount) with zero blind spots, the camera is able to provide comprehensive coverage of open areas such as airports, shopping malls, parking lots, retail stores, offices and more. Removable IR-cut filter The FE9391-EV (IP66, IK10 rated) is the successor to FE8391-V in the VIVOTEK 360° surround view family. The new model is equipped with a removable IR-cut filter and WDR Enhancement technology, allowing the camera to maintain optimal image quality around the clock for unparalleled visibility under high-contrast lighting environments. 3D Noise Reduction technology enables the camera to capture clear, polished video under low-light conditions. Latest in IR illumination The FE9391-EV's use of the latest in panomorph lens technology has led to much improved image quality with a huge drop in edge distortion. The FE9391-EV is also updated with the latest in IR illumination, VIVOTEK's Smart IR II technology with Adaptive IR. Adaptive IR enables the FE9391-EV's IR illuminators to adjust to the scene together or individually to provide the best possible IR image, reducing glaring hotspots and/or underexposed dark spots. Advanced Video Content Analysis The FE9391-EV is also be the first to include a new wave of advanced Video Content Analysis (VCA). Available in 4Q 2017, this includes better object detection in order to reduce false alarms. Through advanced Video Content Analysis functions including crowd detection features the FE9391-EV is the next steps in elevating surveillance cameras from image capturing devices to advanced notification instruments, allowing users to see more in smarter ways.
The Contera™ Outdoor Dome megapixel camera features 1080p and 5-megapixel (MP) resolution for optimum performance. The Contera Outdoor Dome combines a day/night mechanical IR cut filter with an integrated motorised remote focus and zoom precision iris (P-iris) lens for excellent, optimal image quality. Regardless of the time of day, the Contera Outdoor Dome is prepared for any lighting condition. For applications with poor lighting conditions, Enhanced WDR™ (wide dynamic range) at 120dB provides the best visual balance to shaded and bright light conditions. For clear colour images in low-light, NightView™ offers strong low-light sensitivity for capturing details in extremely poor-lit scenes. Built-in Smart IR LED illumination automatically adjusts output in response to the distance of an object in view to prevent over-exposure when the object is very close to the camera. The Contera Outdoor Dome is ONVIF (Open Network Video Interface Forum) Profile S and G compliant, providing interoperability between network video products regardless of manufacturer.
The Avigilon H4 Multisensor camera combines self-learning video analytics with exceptional coverage, featuring 3 or 4 individually-configurable sensors that can be positioned to monitor virtually any area. With 9-32 MP total resolution, it delivers broad coverage and high image detail, and uses H.265 compression technology to reduce bandwidth and storage requirements while maintaining clear images. Each camera sensor incorporates Avigilon self-learning video analytics and works with Avigilon Appearance Search™ technology, our award-winning AI video search engine.
System OverviewThe multi-sensor camera provides added flexibility for capturing wide area CCTV. With four 2MP adjustable lenses can provide a flexible choice of the angle, the camera can replace multiple single-sensor cameras providing a higher return on investment. The multi-sensor camera features contrast, backlight compensation, white balance, and resolution control to create a crystal-clear image even in the most challenging lighting conditions. FunctionsStarlight TechnologyFeaturing Dahua’s Starlight Technology, this camera is ideal for applications with challenging lighting conditions. Its low-lightperformance delivers usable video with minimal ambient light. Even in extreme low-light conditions, Starlight Technology is capable of delivering colour images in near complete darkness (less than 0.01 lux). Wide dynamic rangeEmbedded with industry leading wide dynamic range (WDR) technology, vivid pictures are achieved even in the most intense contrast lighting conditions. For applications with both bright and low lighting conditions that change quickly, True WDR (120dB) optimises both the bright and dark areas of a scene at the same time to provide usable video. Intelligent video system (IVS)With built-in intelligent video analytics, the camera has the ability to detect and analyse moving objects for improved CCTV. The camera provides optional standard intelligence at the edge allowing detection of multiple object behaviours such as abandoned or missing objects. IVS also supports Tripwire analytics, allowing the camera to detect when a pre-determined line has been crossed, ideal for business intelligence, and Facial Detection, for searching or identification of individuals. EnvironmentalWith a temperature range of -30 °C to +60 °C (-22 °F to +140 °F), the camera is designed for extreme temperature environments. The camera complies to an IK10 impact rating making it capable of withstanding the equivalent of 55 kg (120 lbs) of force. Subjected and certified to rigorous dust and water immersion tests, the IP67 rating makes it suitable for demanding outdoor applications. For environments with rain, sleet, snow, and fog, an integrated wiper provides users with clear visibility at all times. ProtectionSupporting ±30% input voltage tolerance, this camera suits even the most unstable conditions for outdoor applications. Its 4KV lightning rating provides protection against the camera and its structure from the effects of lightning. HEVC (H.265)H.265 ITU-T VCEG is a new video coding standard. H.265 Following standard developed around the existing video coding standard H.264 , some retain the original technology, while some of the relevant technology to improve the new technology uses advanced technology to improve the relationship between the code stream, encoding quality, and the delay between algorithm complexity, optimise settings specific contents include: Improve compression efficiency, improve the robustness and error recovery capabilities, real-time to reduce the delay, reduce channel acquisition time and a random access delay, reduce complexity, etc.
The Evolution 180 Outdoor Camera is built upon Oncam’s expertise and heritage on 360-degree technology. It is specifically designed for applications that require a dewarped panoramic view of an outdoor scene, without blind spots, from a single sensor camera. The 12MP high-resolution sensor and the built-in 3D dewarped panoramic video provides industry leading Panoramic+ views. The true day/night functionality allows images to be produced in all lighting conditions, including additional IR lighting. The camera is IP66, IP67, IP68, IP69K and IK10+ rated, making it a robust design. Its versatile enclosure enables wall and pendant mounting, while the integrated adjustable mounting allows for an angling of up to 45°. When angled, Oncam’s Angle Compensation Technology (ACT) corrects the view, straightening vertical lines in the scene.
The Contera Bullet outdoor-ready megapixel camera features 1080p and 5-megapixel (MP) resolution for optimum performance. The Contera Bullet combines a day/night mechanical IR cut filter with an integrated motorized 2.7–12mm varifocal remote focus and zoom precision iris (P-iris) lens. Regardless of the time of day, the Contera Bullet is prepared for any lighting condition. For applications with poor lighting conditions, Enhanced WDR™ (wide dynamic range) at 120dB provides the best visual balance to shaded and bright light conditions. For clear colour images in low-light, NightView™ offers strong low-light sensitivity for capturing details in extremely poor-lit scenes, and is further enhanced by built-in Smart IR LED illumination that automatically adjusts output in response to the distance of an object in view to prevent over-exposure when the object is very close to the camera. The Contera Bullet is ONVIF (Open Network Video Interface Forum) Profile S and G compliant, providing interoperability between network video products regardless of manufacturer.
With the latest version of MOBOTIX’ own VMS solution, it is now possible to combine into a unique, compatible hybrid solution not only the intelligent decentralized MOBOTIX IoT cameras but also the non-decentralized MOBOTIX MOVE cameras and third-party ONVIF S-cameras plus the new MOBOTIX NAS devices. MxMC 2.0 also reduces the time needed to configure the entire video system since now a large part of the all settings can be adapted for up to 80 IoT cameras simultaneously and within seconds. The basic version of MxMC 2.0 with extended standard features is available free of charge. The additional features for the integration of ONVIF S cameras and access to advanced levels of service and support can be added any time within an attractive licensing model.
MOBOTIX’s AllroundDual camera balances flexibility and features continuing the trend of modular system design. The MOBOTIX M16 AllroundDual features exchangeable image sensors for day, night and thermal use along with flash memory, microphone, speaker, PIR and optional feature modules. Housed within a weatherproof (IP66) chassis along with a comprehensive set of built-in cyber security controls, the camera offers powerful new application and integration options for both system integrators and end customers. The M16 also proves that standards and innovation can truly co-exist as the MOBOTIX video surveillance camera that brings together the MxPEG video codec specifically developed for security applications and the H.264 industry standard within an ONVIF-ready camera system. For added flexibility, the built-in RTSP/Multicast capability allows simultaneous streaming of MxPEG, M-JPEG and H.264 video to multiple clients without performance loss. Benefiting from an upgraded processor and software, the M16 delivers the highest frame rate of any MOBOTIX camera along with intelligent 3D motion detection and more capacity for on-board software applications. The M16, in common with all MOBOTIX models, benefits from regular software updates to ensure reliability while adding additional feature enhancements that make the M16 one of the most intelligent yet flexible camera systems on the market.
System overviewExperience 4MP video and the simplicity of using existing cabling infrastructure with HDCVI. The Cooper series 4MP HDCVI camera features a compact design and offers a high quality image at a friendly price. It offers various vari-focal/fixed lens models with a multi-language OSD and HD/SD switchable output. Its structural flexibility and high cost-performance makes the camera an ideal choice for SMB solutions. Functions 4 signals over 1 coaxial cableHDCVI technology supports 4 signals to be transmitted over 1 coaxial cable simultaneously, i.e. video, audio*, data and power. Dual-way data transmission allows the HDCVI camera to interact with the HCVR, such as sending control signal or triggering alarm. Moreover, HDCVI technology supports PoC for construction flexibility.* Audio input is available for some models of HDCVI cameras. Long distance transmissionHDCVI technology guarantees real-time transmission at long distance without any loss. It supports up to 700m for 4MP HD video transmission via coaxial cable, and up to 300m via UTP cable. **Actual results verified by real-scene testing in Dahua's test laboratory. SimplicityHDCVI technology inherits the born feature of simplicity from traditional analog surveillance system, making itself a best choice for investment protection. HDCVI system can seamlessly upgrade the traditional analog system without replacing existing coaxial cabling. The plug and play approach enables full HD video surveillance without the hassle of con-figuring a network. Smart IRThe camera is designed with array LED IR illumination for best lowlight performance. Smart IR is a technology to ensure brightness uniformity in B/W image under low illumination. Dahua’s unique Smart IR adjusts to the intensity of camera's infrared LEDs to compensate for the distance of an object, and prevents IR LEDs from overexposing images as the object come closer to the camera. Multi-formatsThe camera supports multiple video formats including HDCVI, CVBS and other two common HD analog formats in the market. The four formats can be switched over through OSD menu or by PFM820(UTC controller). This feature makes the camera to be compatible with not only XVRs but also most end users’ existing HD/SD DVRs. Multi-language OSDOSD menu provides multiple image adjustments and function settings to meet the requirements of different monitoring scenes. The OSD menu includes configurations such as backlight mode, day/night, white balance, privacy mask and motion detect. The camera supports 11 languages for OSD menu, namely, Chinese, English, French, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Russian and Polish. ProtectionThe camera's outstanding reliability is unsurpassed due to its rugged design. The camera is protected against water and dust with IP67 ranking, making it suitable for indoor or outdoor environments.With working temperature range of -30 °C to +60 °C (-22 °F to +140 °F), the camera is designed for extreme temperature environments. Supporting ±30% input voltage tolerance, this camera suits even the most unstable power supply conditions. Its 4KV lightning rating provides protection against the camera and its structure from the effects of lightning.
In Mirasys VMS Version 8 particular attention has been paid to security and privacy. Also, pre-existing familiar product features such as audit trail and versatile material management and search functionality brings significant benefits, for example, for the new EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) requirements. Mirasys V8.4 is also a foundation for totally new opportunities related to this; what comes to system management and usage reporting, for example. Functional effectiveness Mirasys VMS is quick and easy to install, and especially effective in networked, IP-based CCTV systems and their operational and management needs, such as centralised management and upgrading/updating of servers, drivers and client applications without requiring on-site travel to remote locations. User profiles are easy to create and change. Servers can be pre-installed and pre-configured before delivering to the deployment location. The Mirasys VMS V8 modern Spotter for Windows user interface can be adapted to individual and specific needs and preferences and provides more visual space for videos without sacrificing any functionality. The new HTML5 (Hypertext Markup Language, Version 5) based user interface in V8.4 offers easy access to the Mirasys system from anywhere; PCs, tablets or smartphones. Integration with other systems Video management systems are also more and more frequently integrated with other systems such as building management or access control. Video feeds will in the future also often be a replacement for on-site visits or tours by personnel. This reduces operational costs for security and building maintenance. User interfaces Video surveillance camera features are consistently improving. Image quality can be exceptionally good compared to what it used to be only a few years ago. The newest cameras also require much less network bandwidth due to more effective encoding formats, such as H.265/HEVC (from 40% up to 60% of bandwidth and storage space savings, depending on the footage and device without any loss of quality, or increased quality at the same level with the H.264/AVC encoding) that many IP camera manufacturers have started to support. Individual servers can handle more simultaneously connected cameras than before, and the entire system no longer has an actual upper limit. Mirasys VMS V8 is the answer to the scalability and performance needs of new camera technologies from any manufacturer. Thus, the video management system can be designed freely using the best equipment for the customer-specific requirements, and can also support all future needs. User-specific requirements As video management evolves, traditional command and control (monitoring) services also change. In addition to security monitoring, this will also involve monitoring other systems (building management, access control, fire alarms, or even manufacturing, logistics and operational systems or processes). More and more often these are done by a service provider, and not the organisation whose premises, systems or processes are monitored and/or managed. Further, systems today have more and more different types of users; and variation in user skills or access rights can be significant. This leads to individual, user-specific requirements for system access and use, while simultaneously requiring that the users must be able to access the system from different locations and using different devices. Versatile possibilities and efficiency of management For systems integrations and management, Mirasys VMS Version 8.4 brings new and more versatile possibilities with its new HTTP based Application Programming Interface (API). A particularly significant benefit is that the HTTP API allows also for automation of the system configuration and management. The new HTTP API provides modern REST-compliant (Representational State Transfer, or ”RESTful”) web services which allow requesting systems to access and manipulate textual representations of web resources using a uniform and predefined set of stateless operations from any platform (almost any operating system and practically any programming language). Version 8.4 also brings a new software licensing model that brings remarkable simplification, effectiveness and cost savings, because from V8.4 onwards every server no longer requires its own server-specific software license, but all the software and licence features and limits (such as number of cameras, number of servers, number of simultaneously logged in users or any other functions) can, in any size system, be managed through a single system-wide software licence controlled via the system’s Management servers. The new V8.4 licences are also no longer dependent on the server’s MAC (Media Access Control) address, but uses a multi-factor “License Protection Key” that remains valid even if the hardware system has to be changed (e.g., new or replacement NIC, Network Interface Card, or new or replacement graphics controller, etc).
VIVOTEK’s IP9191-HT is a professional H.265 box network camera providing true 3840x2160 resolution at 30 fps. With ultra HD resolution, 30 frames per second, and VIVOTEK’s SNV and WDR Pro technologies, this camera is capable of delivering clear, detailed images in a variety of challenging applications such as city surveillance, transportation and industrial monitoring. VIVOTEK's in-house algorithm brings video compression to next level. With VIVOTEK’s Smart Stream III technology, the IP9191-HT is capable of delivering excellent images while keeping bandwidth and storage consumption at extremely low levels, even smaller than typical 2-Megapixel image size. The IP9191-HT is further equipped with an i-CS (intelligent-CS mount) lens with LSC (Lens Shading Correction) and LDC (Lens Distortion Correction) calibration functions to obtain even better images. When combined with remote focus system, these features enable installers to adjust zoom/focus remotely. These function-rich combinations make the IP9191-HT suitable for a wide range of video surveillance applications. When housed inside the AE Series Enclosures, the IP9191-HT is excellent for long-range outdoor applications. Furthermore, when equipped with the 12-50mm AL-248 lens, the IP9191-HT is an ideal camera that could deliver exceptional images even from surveillance targets that are over 100 meters away.
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Global and domestic threats have highlighted the need for tighter security across all verticals. One of the technologies that has redefined situational awareness and intrusion detection is thermal imaging. Once a technology exclusively manufactured for the military operations, thermal cameras today are deployed across hundreds of security applications and continue to see strong demand in existing and emerging commercial markets. With thermal technology, security personnel can see in complete darkness as well as in light fog, smoke and rain Technology overview and early adoption What distinguishes thermal cameras from optical sensors is their ability to produce images based on infrared energy, or heat, rather than light. By measuring the heat signatures of all objects and capturing minute differences between them, thermal cameras produce clear, sharp video despite unfavorable environmental conditions. With thermal technology, security personnel can see in complete darkness as well as in light fog, smoke and rain. Originally a military developed, commercially qualified technology, the first thermal cameras for military and aircraft use appeared in the 1950s. By the 1960s, the technology had been declassified and the first thermal camera for commercial use was introduced. However, it wasn’t until the late 1990s - when FLIR Systems introduced a camera with an uncooled thermal detector - when the technology began to see substantial adoption beyond government defense deployments. Installations at critical infrastructure sites In the 2000s, industrial companies were some of the first adopters of thermal, using the technology for predictive maintenance to monitor overheating and machine malfunctions. In the years following the September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001, there was an increase in thermal camera installations across critical infrastructure sites. Stricter security requirements drove the deployment of thermal cameras for perimeter protection, especially in the nuclear power sector. Thermal cameras produce clear video in daylight, low light or no light scenarios and their sharp images result in higher performing analytics In 2010, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Committee released its 73.55 policy, which states nuclear facilities must “provide continuous surveillance, observation and monitoring” as a means to enhance threat detection and deterrence efforts onsite. Because thermal cameras produce clear video in daylight, low light or no light scenarios and because their sharp images result in higher performing analytics, thermal cameras quickly became the preferred option for nuclear facilities. Likewise, following the 2013 sniper attack on PG&E Corporation’s Metcalf transmission substation, the Federal Energy Regulation Commission introduced the Critical Infrastructure Protection Standard 014 (CIP-014). The policy requires utilities to identify threats to mission critical assets and implement a security system to mitigate those risks. This statute also led to more thermal installations in the utility sector as thermal cameras’ long-range capabilities are ideal for detection of approaching targets beyond the fence line. The demand from both industrial and critical infrastructure entities, as well as other factors, helped drive volume production and price reduction for thermal, making the technology more accessible to the commercial security marketplace. Commercial applications In recent years, the increasing affordability of thermal cameras along with the introduction of new thermal offerings has opened the door to new commercial applications for the technology. In the past, thermal cameras were designed for applications with enormous perimeters, where the camera needed to detect a human from 700 meters away. Locations like car dealerships, marinas and construction supply facilities can be protected by precise target detection, thermal analytic cameras providing an early warning to security personnel Today, there are thermal cameras specifically designed for short- to mid-range applications. Developed for small to medium enterprises, these thermal cameras ensure property size and security funds are no longer barriers to adoption. Lumber yards, recreation fields and sports arenas are some of the commercial applications now able to implement thermal cameras for 24-hour monitoring and intrusion detection. Affordable thermal cameras with onboard analytics have become attractive options for commercial businesses Innovation and advancements Innovation and advancements in the core technology have also spurred growth in thermal camera deployment, providing faster image processing, higher resolution, greater video analytic capabilities and better camera performance. In particular, affordable thermal cameras with onboard analytics have become attractive options for commercial businesses that need outdoor, wide area protection. Car dealerships, marinas and construction supply locations all store valuable merchandise and materials outside. Without protection, these assets are vulnerable to vandalism and theft. However, by providing precise target detection, thermal analytic cameras provide an early warning to security personnel so that they can intervene before a crime is committed. By helping to deter just one incident, the thermal solution delivers a clear ROI. New market opportunities Not only are there more thermal cameras in use today than ever before, but there are also more thermal sensors being integrated with other multi-sensor systems, driving the adoption of thermal in new markets. For large perimeter surveillance applications, thermal is repeatedly being integrated with radar and drones to expand situational awareness beyond the point of fixed cameras. Users get immediate, accurate alerts of approaching targets and evidentiary class video for target assessment In the commercial market, thermal imagers are combined with optical sensors, analytics and LED illuminators into one solution that integrates with central monitoring station platforms. By bringing these technologies together, users get immediate, accurate alerts of approaching targets and evidentiary class video for target assessment. The result is a lower number of false positives, reducing the total cost of ownership for the solution. These multi-sensor solutions also feature two-way audio capabilities, which enable remote security officers to act as “virtual guards” and speak to intruders in real-time to dissuade them from illegal activity. The introduction of solutions that integrate all these state-of-the-art technologies under one unit reduces the amount of capital and infrastructure needed for deployment. Consequently, more small businesses and alarm monitoring companies can implement advanced perimeter security technologies like thermal sensors, some for the very first time. Thermal cameras have gone from military defense devices to widespread commercial security cameras Multi-sensor thermal solutions Multi-sensor solutions featuring thermal are quickly gaining traction and opening the door to new business opportunities for the security channel. One of the primary reasons for the strong market interest in these systems is they enable integrators to increase their recurring monthly revenue (RMR). With intense price competition and eroding margins on CCTV equipment, integrators have to rely on RMR to grow their businesses. Offering remote video monitoring services and virtual guarding technologies is one of the best ways to do so. Additionally, there is a clear demand for it. Central stations are continually looking for new technologies to offer their customers and businesses are interested in economical alternatives to physical guards. In conclusion, thermal cameras have gone from military defense devices to widespread commercial security cameras that are a substantial segment of the outdoor security protection market. From nuclear power plants to construction locations, thermal technology is being implemented to secure sites around the globe.
Remember the old adage “The whole is greater than the sum of its parts?” Nowhere is that truism more evident than when you add network video to the current generation of Internet of Things (IoT) solutions. Whether we’re talking about industrial IoT applications, “Smart – X” (city, building, parking etc.) or retail operations, integrating network video into the solution provides value far beyond simple situational awareness. Optimising sophisticated video technology When video systems first moved from analogue to digital and then became part of the IoT world, they were primarily used to provide visual validation of sensor-detected events. For instance, if an industrial controller sensed an environmental issue such as a temperature exceeding set threshold maximum limits, the sensor would trigger the management software to notify the operator that this event had occurred. The operator could then pull up the video feed of the closest camera and observe the area remotely. While this application is simple, it shows how video enhances sensor management. As edge devices, such as sensors and network video become more intelligent, the interactions between systems are growing in sophistication and generating even greater value than each system could provide on its own. To appreciate how these smart applications are being used to improve overall efficiencies and profitability, let’s delve into three areas where they’re being deployed: intelligent buildings, smart cities, and smart retailing. By overlaying intelligent operational sensors with intelligent video, it’s now possible to automate lighting levels based on motion detection Video-based operational analytics Applying intelligent monitoring to environmental equipment (HVAC) makes it easy for building owners and property managers to determine existing operating costs based on current equipment performance. They can then compare that amount to the cost of upgrades and potential cost savings over time. Lighting is another significant operating cost within building management. By overlaying intelligent operational sensors with intelligent video (light sensors), it’s now possible to automate lighting levels based on motion detection. Lights can automatically turn on or off, brighten or dimmed, to eliminate wasteful energy consumption. With the addition of occupancy analytics via intelligent video, property managers can determine what caused the motion and learn other operational details such as occupancy counts. Did someone walk through and area causing lighting to turn on or up? Did they dwell in this area? These specifics can help managers efficiently optimise lighting controls and reduce the overall operating cost of the property. Businesses are also using smart applications to optimise allocation of desk space and conference areas. For instance, intelligent video can determine conference room occupancy (in use, number of people in room, free space even though showing booked) far better than stand-alone motion sensors. When tied to automated room assignment systems, the additional statistics provided by video analytics might suggest room changes based on room size and number of attendees through back-office applications such as Microsoft Outlook. These examples are just a few of a growing list of available video-based operational analytics currently on the market. Video analytics in smart cities Initial forays into smart city technologies such as smart lighting, smart grid, smart parking and so on relied on standalone sensor technologies. Their capabilities were good but limited. Smart Lighting for instance would use basic light detectors to turn street lighting. Smart Parking and traffic systems would use weight sensors to trigger vehicle counts, traffic signal changes or determine if a parking space was in use and paid for. Augmenting these applications with intelligent video and analytics, however, opens up a whole new world of additional details. In Smart Lighting, the video sensor can now trigger a change in lighting based on rules such as vehicular and pedestrian events. Video analytics can yield additional metadata such as vehicle type (commercial versus public use). Smart Parking becomes much more effective when you can begin to provide vehicle detail such as vehicle type or other information based on licence plate recognition. These additional details can help parking lots operate more efficiently and offer value-added services like space reservation and open space location notifications. Augmenting smart city applications with intelligent video and analytics opens up a whole new world of additional details Smart Grid offers some less obvious but equally valuable system augmentation capabilities. We often associate Smart Grid with simple automated meter reading but these systems also traverse critical power infrastructure. Solution providers in this arena are now offering heightened asset and perimeter protection via integration of network-based radar detection with video and audio analytics. This strategic mix of technologies can be used to minimise false detection alarms, turn on/off or change lighting levels and point cameras to areas of interest for extremely effective and cost-effective perimeter security. Network video for retail intelligence Retailing was one of the earliest adopters of smart device integration with network video and video analytics to support loss prevention and customer safety. They’ve been using video to analyse customer traffic and behaviour in order to improve product placement, increase product sales, as well as cross-sell related items. Adding programmable “Digital Signage” to the mix created new opportunities to display targeted messages based on viewer demographics about additional products and services of potential interest. Integrating network video with point-of-sale terminals to reconcile cash register receipts, adding heat mapping analytics to study customer foot traffic patterns, measuring check out wait times to increase employee productivity and efficiency as well as improve the customer experience are just some of the ways retailers have applied the principles of IoT to their advantage. Overlay intelligent building controls and you can see the exponential power of integrating intelligent video with other IoT devices and systems. Retailing was one of the earliest adopters of smart device integration with network video and video analytics to support loss prevention and customer safety Minimising metadata overload Smart application integration produces an enormous amount of metadata. Collecting, transporting and synthesising this data into meaningful business intelligence can be daunting. It requires disciplined use of resources from the network infrastructure transporting the data locally to the various cloud technologies (private cloud, hybrid cloud, public cloud) storing and disseminating it securely. Generally smart sensor data is fairly light weight in terms of actual data transmitted. Adding video elements can significantly increase bit-rate (bandwidth and storage) requirements. This highlights the need for the video to be more intelligent and interactive with the intelligent sensor and edge device technologies so that resources can be used more efficiently. Smart applications let you do that. You can fine tune video rules and optimise transmission based on retention value. You can program the video to sensor triggers or events, transmitting lower frame rate and resolution video for less interesting video and increasing the video settings when higher quality video is more relevant and valuable based on these sensor triggers. The back-end collectors of sensor metadata are becoming more mainstream and easier to operate. In many sectors, service providers are offering management of this sensor output “As a Service.” As smart IoT technology continues to mature, the benefits of integration between network video systems and other network solutions will only get better. We’re already seeing greater efficiency in operations as well as higher quantifiable returns on investment through cost savings and more in-depth, usable business intelligence.
Utility security staff have a responsibility to ensure they can identify risks associated with security threats Protecting North America’s power grid is a thankless job. Day in and day out, the good citizens of the United States and Canada wake up with the assumption that when they get out of bed each morning and flip on the lights, the room will illuminate, the coffee pot will come to life and their mobile phone will have been fully charged. After all, we live in a modern First World society, where we have come to depend on timely and efficient power at our fingertips. In reality, that reliable electricity that we all enjoy has many people working around the clock to ensure its reliability, resiliency and security. Today’s grid operators are inundated with natural and man-made threats. As utilities tackle the monster of the moment, which is the evolving cybersecurity threat, we must not take our eyes off the more primitive threat. Security threats to US grid Electricity is perhaps the most vital of the critical infrastructures and key resources that support our society. The mission of the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) is to ensure the reliability of the North American bulk power system (BPS). While electric utility companies are responsible for administering the day-to-day operations of the electric grid, regulators such as NERC and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) are charged with the overall responsibility of ensuring reliability and security. NERC develops and enforces Reliability Standards, annually assesses seasonal and long?term reliability, monitors the bulk power system through system awareness, operates the Electricity Information Sharing and Analysis Center (E-ISAC) and educates, trains and certifies industry personnel. Normal everyday operations of the system are the responsibility of utility owners and operators. Currently, the most significant reliability threat to the U.S. grid is associated with squirrels and balloons, and not religiously inspired terrorists During emergencies, NERC supports industry actions to respond, mitigate and restore the BPS to normal operation by facilitating effective information sharing and communication with and between NERC registered entities, government agencies and the media. This information is not focused on operational decision making; but instead provides utilities data, best practices and mitigation strategies to help recover from crisis. Obviously as a regulatory body, NERC must stay out of emergency response until the utility has best mitigated the threat or reliability issue. Currently, the most significant reliability threat to the U.S. grid is associated with squirrels and balloons, and not religiously inspired terrorists. However – and more applicable to grid operators – we have recently seen noteworthy interest in disabling or destroying critical infrastructure. Coordinated attacks specifically targeting the grid are rare, but an attack by a disgruntled former employee, ideologically motivated activist, or a criminal stumbling across a “soft target”, could inflict significant damage. With an interconnected grid of over 450,000 miles of high voltage transmission lines (100 kV and higher) and over 55,000 substations (100 kV and larger), the targets of opportunity are endless. An attack by a disgruntled former employee, ideologically motivated activist, or a criminal stumbling across a “soft target”, could inflict significant damage Critical infrastructure protection Critical infrastructure protection is a cyclical process incorporating prevention, detection, mitigation, response and recovery. The key to this protection is the identification of credible threats, which will assist energy companies in assessing risks and potential vulnerabilities (weaknesses) of their facilities. Once a threat has been thoroughly analysed, it is then possible to institute preventative measures to deter, detect and delay an attack. Of course, critical infrastructure protection planning must always include mitigation, response and recovery actions in the event an attacker is successful. While the security of the grid is a shared responsibility between the government and the private sector, the primary responsibility rests with utility owners and operators. Utility security staff have a responsibility to ensure they are able to receive and act upon criminal intelligence and be prepared to identify risks and vulnerabilities associated with security threats. Any protection programme that is developed must be as efficient and cost-effective as possible, as budgets are limited and ratepayers are sensitive to wasteful spending. Effective security programmes rely on risk management principles and associated tools to establish priorities, allocate budget dollars and harden infrastructure sites. Physical security protection encompasses defensive mechanisms to prevent, deter and detect physical threats of various kinds. Specifically, these measures are undertaken to protect personnel, equipment and property against anticipated threats. Properly conceived and implemented security policies, programmes and technologies are essential to ensure a facility’s resistance to threats while meeting demand, reliability and performance objectives. Unfortunately, many do not realise the amount of reports, guidelines, standards and assessments that have been developed for use Electricity industry physical security standards Significant progress has been made in the electricity industry surrounding the issue of security. Unfortunately, many do not realise the amount of reports, guidelines, standards and assessments that have been developed for use. The industry has gone through multiple iterations of mandatory Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) Standards that focus on security protections. The CIP Standards, while not perfect, may be an example for other sectors to immolate. These standards are a minimum baseline for compliance and utilities should not assume that because they have a good compliance programme they are somehow immune from attack. In addition, many electric utilities undergo a sector-wide Grid Security Exercise (GridEx) every two years to hone their skills and provide updates to their security practices and policies. This is in addition to annual exercises mandated by the cyber standards. It is fair to say that the industry has been very responsive to the evolving security threat and the mandatory requirements found within CIP compliance. As a result of the 2013 California substation attack that destroyed $15 million dollars in infrastructure, industry now has a physical security standard. This standard was created to protect the most critical transmission substations and control centres in North America. While protections vary, many utilities have upgraded their security measures to include concrete or non-scalable perimeters, robust access control, cameras, lighting and armed guards. It is highly likely that we will one day see similar standards put in place to better protect non-nuclear generation facilities, but only time will tell. Many utilities have upgraded security measures to include concrete perimeters, robust access control, cameras, lighting and armed guards The piece that the industry continues to struggle with is information sharing and the ability to quickly obtain actionable threat intelligence; an issue which has been combatted head-on through the sharing of security information amongst utility partners. Large utilities with the manpower and resources to address this initiative are changing the security model from reactive to proactive. If you understand your adversary’s tactics, intent, and capabilities, you can develop strategies to combat their attacks and better plan for future threats. Better, more proactive security, can be achieved through information sharing agreements and partnerships with other utilities, regulatory agencies and intelligence partners. Many utilities do not have the dedicated resources to dissect and aggregate this data and are thus unable to react appropriately, or wind up drawing inaccurate conclusions. As a result, the electricity sector is demanding more access to actionable intelligence and threat streams. With this added intelligence, utilities can better pinpoint threats to specific systems and focus efforts on system recovery and restoration. This will undoubtedly drive better, more informed responses to security incidents. The FBI, DHS and the DOE have made considerable strides in improving information sharing, and giving classified access to intelligence products Improving information sharing Over the past few years, the FBI, DHS and the DOE have made considerable strides in improving information sharing and giving classified access to intelligence products such as bulletins, alerts and secret level briefings. These products have been used to mitigate threats, reduce risk and update internal security policies. Additionally, this data flow has enhanced communications between security teams, management and board members by providing authoritative threat warnings. This ultimately drives better investment strategies by more directly connecting security priorities with business risk management priorities. Unfortunately, utilities still see risks in sharing information with federal partners. Recently, the Washington Post released an article with a salacious headline falsely suggesting that the grid was hacked via Russian malware. Even after correcting the story, the question remains: who leaked the information to the Washington Post? Utilities all over the country were witnessing an information sharing failure. We must assume that at some point in the future a North American utility will suffer from a planned and coordinated attack against electrical infrastructure. Have we looked at credible threats closely enough and did we prepare our people to respond, recover and communicate? As an industry, we will be judged and hard questions will be asked about how seriously we considered the threats and what we did to mitigate future attacks. Success will be determined by how quickly we are able to respond and the swiftness of system recovery. There is no doubt that security is an “all hands” approach by everyone involved.
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