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Edge devices (and edge computing) are the future. Although, this does seem a little cliché, it is the truth. The edge computing industry is growing as quickly as technology can support it and it looks like we will need it to. IoT global market The IoT (Internet of Things) industry alone will have put 15 billion new IoT devices into operation by the year 2020 according to a recent Forbes article titled, “10 Charts That Will Challenge Your Perspective of IoT’s growth”. IoT devices are not the only edge devices we have to deal with as the total number of connected edge devices includes the likes of devices like security devices, phones, sensors, retail sales devices, and industrial and home automation devices. The IoT (Internet of Things) industry alone will have put 15 billion new IoT devices into operation by the year 2020 The sheer number of devices begins to bring thoughts of possible security and bandwidth implications into perspective. The amount of data that will need to be passed and processed with all of these devices will be massive. There needs to be consideration taken by all business owners and automation engineers into how this amount of data and processing will be conducted. Ever-expanding edge devices market As the number of edge devices in the marketplace and their use among consumers and businesses rises, the need to be able to handle the data from all of these devices is no longer going to be suitable for central server architectures. We are talking about hundreds of billions and even trillions of devices. According to IHS Markit researchers’ study, there were 245 million CCTV cameras worldwide. One has to imagine there are at least 25% of that many access control devices (61.25 million devices) based on a $344 million market cap also calculated by IHS Markit’s researchers. If all the other edge devices mentioned earlier are considered then one can see that trying to route them all through servers for processing is going to start to become difficult if it hasn’t already, -which arguably it already has, as is evidenced by the popularity of cloud-based solutions amongst those businesses that already use a lot of edge devices or are processing a lot of information on a constant basis. Cloud computing The question is whether cloud computing the most effective and efficient solution as the IoT industry grows The question is this; is cloud computing the most effective and efficient solution as the IoT industry grows and the amount of edge devices becomes so numerous? My belief is that it is not. Taking the example of a $399 USD device that is just larger than the size of a pack of cards and runs a CPU benchmarked at the same level as a mid-size desktop. This device has 8GB RAM and 64GB EMMC built-in and a GPU that can comfortably support a 4K signal at 60Hz with support for NVMe SSDs for add-on storage. This would have been unbelievable five years ago. As the price of edge computing goes down, which it has done in a dramatic way over the last 10 years (as can be seen with my recent purchase), the price to maintain a central server that can perform the processing required for all of the new devices being introduced to the world (due to the low cost of entry for edge device manufacturers) becomes more expensive. This introduces the guarantee that there will be a point where it will be less expensive for businesses, and consumers alike, to do the bulk of their processing at the edge as opposed to in central server architectures. Cloud computing is now being overtaken by edge computing, the method of processing data at the edge of the network in the devices themselves Edge computing There are a plethora of articles discussing and detailing the opposition between the two sides of the computing technology coin, cloud computing and edge computing. The gist of it is that “cloud computing” was the hot new buzzword three years ago and is now being overtaken by “edge computing.” The truth is that cloud computing is a central server architecture hosted at someone else’s location. Edge computing is going to be a necessary development in the technology industry Edge computing is the method of processing data at the edge of the network (in the devices themselves) and allowing for less resources required at a central location. There is certainly a use case for both, however the shift to edge computing amongst the general public and small to mid-sized businesses will not be a surprise to those players, who have been paying attention. One article titled, “Next Big Thing In Cloud Computing Puts Amazon And Its Peers On The Edge” by Investor’s Business Daily takes the stance that edge computing is going to completely displace centralised cloud computing and even coins the phrase, “Cloud computing, decentralised” to explain edge computing. It speaks for the stance that most experts in technology seem to be taking, including Amazon Web Services’ VP of Technology, Marco Argenti according to the same article. We know that edge computing is going to be a necessary development in the technology industry, and it is happening as I write this, and quickly at that. Cost efficiency of edge processing As time goes on, the intersection between the prices of network bandwidth, edge processing and maintaining super powerful central servers will cause edge processing to be the most efficient and cost-effective way to maintain a scalable network in any environment, including datacenters. Owning a central server or utilising edge computing become the better options As it currently stands, most residential users can only achieve a 1Gbps WAN (internet) connection, and small to medium-sized business can’t get much more but seem to get much less, based on my personal experience. When more than 1Gbps needs to be processed, cloud computing becomes very expensive at which point, owning a central server or utilising edge computing become the better options. Then you look a total cost of ownership and when the cost of edge computing is less expensive than the cost of maintaining central server architectures, edge computing becomes the single best option. So, I’ll say it again, edge devices (and edge computing) are the future.
ISC West continues to innovate and adapt to the changing needs of the security marketplace. In 2019, there will be 200 new exhibitors, 100 new speakers and an expanding mix of attendees that includes more end users and international attendees. The International Security Conference & Exposition (ISC West) will be held April 10-12 at the Sands Expo in Las Vegas. Among the more than 200 new exhibitors on the show floor will be Dell Technologies, Resideo, SAST (a Bosch IoT startup), Belkin International, NetApp, Lenovo, Kingston Technology and many others. The event continues to see more and more solutions in the area of IoT/connected security, a surge in barrier/bollards exhibitors, an increased number of start-up companies, and an emphasis this year on stadium/major events security. Plus, the new exhibit area of ISC West, Venetian Ballroom, will include a mix of solutions from mid-sized domestic and international companies, and is the home of the Emerging Technology Zone – back for its second year with 50-plus start-up companies expected. The International Security Conference & Exposition (ISC West) will be held April 10-12 at the Sands Expo in Las Vegas “ISC West is no longer just about video cameras, access control systems and alarms,” says Will Wise, Group Vice President, Security Portfolio for Reed Exhibitions, which produces and manages ISC West. Embracing and stimulating the market dynamic of comprehensive security for a safer, connected world, solutions on display at the show reflect convergence across physical security, IT (information technology) and OT (operational technology). The ISC West expo floor includes specialised featured areas such Connected Home, Public Safety & Security, Connected Security, Unmanned Security Expo and the Emerging Technology Zone. Plus, complimentary education sessions in the Unmanned Security Expo theatre will include topics such as drones, counter-drone solutions, ground robotics and regulations/policies that support autonomous technology. This year’s event will feature more than 1,000 products and brands covering everything from video surveillance, access control and alarms/alerts, to IoT, IT/cybersecurity convergence, AI, embedded systems, drones and robotics, smart homes, smart cities, public safety and more. The ISC West expo floor includes specialised featured areas such Connected Home and the Emerging Technology Zone Elevating the Keynote Series Over the past few years, ISC West has elevated its Keynote Series (open to all attendee types) to include more speakers and dynamic content covering relevant topics. Attendees should be sure to head to the Keynote room Wednesday and Thursday mornings at 8:30 a.m. before the expo floor opens at 10 a.m. Relating to attendance, ISC West continues to diversify and grow the attendee universe by attracting additional enterprise government end-users across physical and IT/OT responsibilities. The show also continues to attract and grow the channel audience, and there will be an increasing number of International attendees. “Years ago, ISC West was known exclusively as a dealer/integrator/installer show, but not anymore,” says Wise. “Today, the demographic mix continues to evolve as the event diversifies its product and educational offerings, embracing the current market reality of collaboration among integrators/dealers/installers, end-user decision-makers, and public safety and security professionals.” When planning for the show, be sure to view the list of special events and take advantage of the additional connection-making opportunities Within the SIA Education@ISC West conference program, there are over 100 new speakers. Through ISC West’s strong partnership with the Security Industry Association (SIA, the Premier Sponsor of ISC), the SIA Education@ISC West program has expanded and become increasingly dynamic and diverse over the last three years. In addition, ISC West and SIA are hosting a Women in Security breakfast on Friday morning April 12th. Women in Security is a new track for the education program. “Our attendance data reflects the demand for a mix of physical security integrator and end-user content, a balance of technical and management/strategic topics, and diverse topics incorporating IoT and cybersecurity/physical security convergence, and analytics expertise,” says Wise. “Last year was a record year for conference program attendance, and 2019 will yet again set new benchmarks.” Mobile apps, information desks and ease of registration ISC West is also focusing on the attendee experience. Need advice on what exhibitors are a fit for your business needs and interests? The Information Desk adjacent to the main expo entrance will provide customised recommendations based on the information attendees provided during the registration process. Attendees can download the official ISC West mobile app and create a MyShow account through the ISC West website Attendees can download the official ISC West mobile app and create a MyShow account through the ISC West website to research exhibitors and product categories, receive exhibitor recommendations that best fit business needs, review complimentary educational opportunities as well as 85-plus sessions from the paid SIA Education@ISC program. There are many networking opportunities being offered at the show this year. When planning for the show, be sure to view the list of special events and take advantage of the additional connection-making opportunities. Whether attendees want to network with peers or customers at an awards ceremony (Sammy Awards, Fast 50, New Product Showcase Awards), Charity event (AIREF Golf Classic, Mission 500 Security 5K-2K Run/Walk), or an industry party (SIA Market Leaders Reception, ISC West Customer Appreciation Party at Tao), there are a variety of special events offered, all designed to help you make new connections. Make sure to check out the ISC West website for all the Special Events taking place at ISC West.
Today’s security industry technology standards create a common framework for achieving predictable performance. Systems are made more secure and easier to install, use and integrate with other devices. Standards are also intended to be living documents, open to continual refinements to benefit manufacturers, integrators and end users. An excellent example is the Open Supervised Data Protocol (OSDP), which is now the industry’s gold standard for physical access control installations. It was designed to offer a higher level of security with more flexible options than the aging defacto Weigand wiring standard. Updating OSDP-readers simultaneously One recent addition enables end users to push firmware and software updates to thousands of OSDP-enabled card readers simultaneouslyOSDP, first introduced in 2011 by the Security Industry Association (SIA), continues to evolve with significant manufacturer input. One recent addition enables end users to push firmware and/or software updates to a few or thousands of OSDP-enabled card readers simultaneously. Weigand technology requires updates to be made one at a time at each reader. Regularly changing reader encryption keys is an excellent way to enhance facility security. It’s easy using the OSDP file transfer capability and the latest DESFire EV2 credentials containing multiple encryption keys. You can transfer the next code on the card to all readers and the job is done. And there’s no need to create a new card for each user or reprogram each individual reader. AES-128 encryption ensures cybersecurity It’s time to migrate entirely away from Weigand technology. If greater security, convenience and reduced labour from the latest OSDP updates isn’t reason enough, here are a few more things to consider. The 40-year-old Weigand protocol provides no signal encryption, making it easy for hackers to capture the raw data transmitted between cards and readers. OSDP readers support AES-128 encryption while providing continuous monitoring of wires to guard against cybercriminals. Weigand reader installations require homerun cable pulls from the control panel to each peripheral device. OSDP readers can be daisy chained, providing additional savings on cabling and installation time. Weigand technology is simply too slow to work with today’s most versatile and secure card technologies. OSDP readers work with virtually all modern access control cards. The OSDP standard also works with biometric devices; Weigand does not. Meeting requirements of FICAM guidelines SIA is pushing to make the latest OSDP version a standard recognised by the ANSI, a move to enhance the global competitiveness of U.S. security businessesAlso, OSDP is becoming a must-have standard for organisations demanding the highest security levels. The standard meets requirements of the Federal Identity, Credential and Access Management (FICAM) guidelines that affect how the access control industry does business with the federal government. SIA is pushing to make the latest OSDP version a standard recognised by the American National Standard Institute (ANSI), a move to enhance the global competitiveness of U.S. security businesses. There’s still a large worldwide reader installation base that works solely with the Weigand protocol. Admittedly, changing them all at one time may be prohibitively expensive; however, standards should be viewed as a journey, not a destination. That’s why a measured migration is the right choice for many organisations. Begin by securing the perimeter. Replace only the outside-facing Weigand readers. As long as the walls are secured, the inside can remain a softer target until OSDP-compatible readers can be added indoors. The case for moving to OSDP as a standard is compelling. It offers our industry the opportunity to design access control software and products that provide what end users want most – greater security, flexibility and convenience.
The International Airport of Mexico turned to HID Global to help address its access control needs As a tourist and commercial gateway to the country, the International Airport of Mexico City (AICM) plays a vital role in the development of Mexico’s economy, ensuring the prosperity and global accessibility of this burgeoning nation. International and domestic hub The AICM is Latin America’s busiest airport, and one of the world’s 30 most active airports in terms of passengers, operations and cargo. Located six miles east of Mexico City, the airport is Mexico’s primary international and domestic hub, with direct flights to more than 300 worldwide destinations. The airport boasts an impressive array of modern facilities including restaurants, shops, hotel reservation desks, tourist information, ATMs, banks, foreign exchange, business facilities and a post office. Further increasing the complexity of the AICM’s operation, the airport is undergoing major construction work, including building new concourses and a new terminal (Terminal 2). Once built, the new facilities are expected to increase airport passenger capacity by nearly 50%. This will enable the airport to handle an additional 16 million passengers per year, up from the current 32 million travellers who pass through. Layers of security With all this activity, the issue of access control is a key consideration. With nearly 340,000 flights in a year, and about 20,000 staff on site, the AICM has significant access control requirements. As a regional leader, the AICM turned to HID Global, a manufacturer in the access control industry, to help address its needs. With nearly 340,000 flights in a year, and about 20,000 staff on site, the AICM has significant access control requirements Preventing terrorist attacks and protecting the domestic and global transportation network, transportation security is a critical mission for any airport. One way in which airports have effectively provided traveller security is by setting up security layers to protect airline passengers. The layers include security measures like airport checkpoints, canine searches, air marshals, luggage inspection and explosive material detection. Each layer of protection, on its own, is capable of preventing terrorist attacks; together, the layers’ security value is exponentially higher, creating a much stronger overall security system. Another omnipresent layer of airport security is access control. Controlling access to key airport functions is a critical security task. Given the size, amenities and complexity of the AICM, controlling access to areas can be a huge task. Access control needs When it was time for the AICM to consider a system upgrade, Manager of Airport Identification, Enrique De la Mora, a member of AICM’s security staff, worked with integrator Ernesto Ibarra from IR Systems S.A. de C.V. to define the scope of AICM’s access control needs. In evaluating various offerings, the airport’s security was dependent on the following considerations: Size and Complexity: With AICM’s size, amenities and complexity, controlling access to restricted areas would be a massive undertaking. Multi-factor Authentication: Concerned with vandalism and identity theft, the airport identified that it would need some type of multi-factor authentication to maintain strict access control to restricted areas like VIP rooms and operations areas. AICM management had to ensure that the “right” people would get in, but the “wrong” people would be kept out. Secure Credentials: Significant authentication capabilities were needed at the credential level. The credentials chosen by the airport would need to be counterfeit-proof, ensuring the integrity of the card issuance process. Scalable Solution: Credential issuance would also need to be a fluid, yet secure, process. The credential issuance procedure would have to be scalable to address new locations and employee status. With the expected opening of a new terminal, AICM management wanted to ensure that it would only need to provide badges for each employee once, for all facilities. Latest Technology: De la Mora and AICM were ready to upgrade to the latest technology. “We have been using an integrated 125 kHz proximity-based access control system, powered by HID cards and readers, since 1998. The AICM decided the time and needs were right to move ahead to the most advanced, best-of-class system,” commented De la Mora. Having determined those needs and rationale, the AICM turned to HID Global for its innovative applications of technology and expertise. To address its mission-critical requirements, AICM management determined that cards and readers from HID Global were the right solution. New airport access control system Based on its scope evaluation and previous experience with HID Global products, AICM felt secure in purchasing access control hardware. AICM set up a new access control system based around the V-Smart iCLASS access control readers and 16k bit (2k Byte) contactless smart cards. The equipment, supplied by Bioscrypt and HID, requires biometric authentication in addition to identity verification for card carriers to gain access to restricted areas. The fingerprint readers include HID iCLASS® 13.56 MHz read/write contactless smart card technology, to manage access to restricted sites within the airport; such as VIP rooms and operations areas. Combining biometric read capability (using Bioscrypt’s fingerprint authentication) with an HID iCLASS contactless smart card read/write module, the single unit reader represents optimal dual factor authentication for high security at this vital site. “With V-Smart iCLASS, the identity verification process is doubled. If someone wants to go through a controlled door, he must first identify himself by presenting his access control card. Upon accurate reading and verification of the card, the cardholder then places his finger on the biometric reader to prove that the person carrying the credential really is the person the credential is issued to. This way, it is practically impossible to enter with a card that does not belong to the card holder,” De La Mora emphasised. "This way, it is practically impossible to enter with a card that does not belong to the card holder" HID Global Solution addresses AICM needs Size and Complexity Given the number of airport staff and potential intruders, De la Mora suggests that efficient operations surrounding identity verification and clearance to the airport’s restricted areas would truly present a logistical challenge without the V-Smart iCLASS reader electronic access control system. The airport’s large card user base, including employees, airline staff, cleaning and maintenance staff, and luggage transporters, suited the use of a biometric solution for access control. Multi-factor Authentication For high security at this vital site, users of the new access control system present an identity credential to the reader, then have their fingerprint read by the Bioscrypt device, to authenticate the cardholder’s identity. Secure Credentials The credentials chosen by the airport employ the latest security features, including extra secure printing features. Credentials feature a colour photograph of the user, his/her name, title, employer, personal date of use and other data printed on the card. The card also includes a colour code that identifies the card carrier’s functional area, with a holographic over-laminate for increased security. Scalable Solution The Management of Airport Identification issues between 25 and 50 permanent credentials and about 200 temporary credentials on a daily basis. It expects its card issuance to increase when Terminal 2 operations begin. Current cardholders can use the same identity credential to go from the airport’s Terminal 1 to the new Terminal 2. The administration will purchase an additional 51 VSmart iCLASS readers to manage access control when the new terminal comes on line. Latest biometric technology Fingerprint biometric readers have proven to be a reliable and mature solution, making it a primary technology for airport deployment around the world. The V-Smart iCLASS reader provides dual authentication security by ensuring “what you have” and “who you are”. With strong compatibility between iCLASS and the access control system, the Bioscrypt V-Smart iCLASS system can be seamlessly and cost effectively integrated to meet airport requirements. The biometric verification occurs locally at the V-Smart iCLASS reader and not remotely at a server. Storing the biometric template securely on the iCLASS contactless smart card eliminates the added cost of having to install a separate hard-wired network for template management. In addition to these features, the AICM was swayed by HID’s entire standard service offering that comes with its products, ensuring a successful security integration. One feature of HID’s service offering is its Corporate 1000 program™, which offers a custom-created, 35-bit card format exclusive for the end-user, establishing a “Single Card Solution.” Under this program, more than one million individual card numbers are available to AICM, tracked during manufacturing to ensure no duplicate card numbers. The Corporate 1000 program also guarantees that the airport’s authorized integrator, IR Systems, is the only entity able to purchase cards from HID Global on the airport’s behalf. Success for new system With nearly 20,000 cards in use, issued to a variety of personnel including airport employees, airline staff, airport cleaning and maintenance staff, and luggage transporters, the biometric solution allows precise access control to restricted areas, virtually eliminating the possibility of counterfeiting. The AICM was swayed by HID’s entire standard service offering that comes with its products To date, the airport has deployed over 60 Bioscrypt V-Smart iCLASS readers for facility security. The fingerprint readers included HID iCLASS 13.56 MHz read/write contactless smart card technology, to restrict access to high profile sites within the airport. With widespread use of the iCLASS credential, there is also room in the future for the IAMC to consider implementation of other applications based on the use of the existing HID iCLASS credential. In response to AICM’s anticipation of illegal intrusion threats and other criminal activities that could go on at the airport, the HID Global solution is ideal for AICM’s access control needs. Using V-Smart iCLASS readers and benefiting from the advantages of HID’s Corporate 1000 program, card holders can use the same identity credential to move from the airport’s Terminal 1 to Terminal 2. Conclusion Through its people, processes and technologies, airport patrons (whether tourists, business travellers, or freight transporters) can continue to rely on the AICM’s massive international network of commerce, generating enormous opportunities for Mexico’s economy. A secure international airport enables the country to participate more fully in the social and economic benefits of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) as well as access to global trading partners. HID Global aims to provide the ideal solution for transportation security. Occupying the access control “layer” of security, IACM is seeing the benefits of HID and Bioscrypt’s advanced fingerprint technology solution as it implements counterterrorism security measures.
MA SIGMA Lite fingerprint terminals are specifically designed to equip narrow mounting surfaces Morpho (Safran) announced recently the introduction of two new additions to the popular MorphoAccess® (MA) SIGMA family of biometric access control and time solutions, called the MorphoAccess® SIGMA Lite series. The new devices will be on display at ASIS 2015 in Anaheim, from 28th September to 1st October, 2015. Engineered with the same attention to detail and performance as the versatile MA SIGMA biometric access terminal, the MA SIGMA Lite fingerprint terminals are specifically designed to equip narrow mounting surfaces on glass/aluminium door mullions, turnstiles, or server rack doors. With two designs and multiple card reader options, there are a variety of models to address the widest range of deployment scenarios, both indoors and outdoors. The first design features an LED indicator to assist users in the access control process, whereas the second model offers enhanced interactivity with a colour touchscreen. Morpho's fingerprint technology With Morpho's industry leading fingerprint technology inside, they are equipped for a high capacity workload, accommodating up to 250,000 users for one-to-one verification and up to 10,000 users for one-to-many identification. The slim and sleek fingerprint readers embed a web server that enables users of laptops, tablets or smartphones to connect, and then trigger on-device enrolment, configure terminals or retrieve transaction logs. Offering an easy to use mounting system and high configurability, the devices fit perfectly into legacy Bioscrypt and Morpho installations as well as new implementations. "With these new devices, the right combination of design, robustness and performance is now available in a compact package," said Samuel Fringant, Executive Vice President of Morpho's Security division. "By delivering readers suitable for renewing legacy installations, complementing deployments of MA SIGMA stations or securing brand new facilities, Morpho reaffirms its commitment to give its customers access to the latest refinements of its technology, whatever the situation."
Open Options will also showcase its latest release, DNA Fusion Version 6, at ISC West Open Options, an industry leader in open platform access control solutions, will showcase the latest release of DNA Fusion – Version 6 – and will highlight integration partners at ISC West Las Vegas, the largest physical security trade show in North America. “Having just released DNA Fusion V6 ahead of schedule in February, Open Options is excited to provide the thousands of security professionals who visit ISC West the most up-to-date and advanced version of our flagship access control software,” said Open Options CEO Steve Fisher. “We are also eager to highlight our valued technology partners who have worked so diligently with us to provide total access control and security solutions.” Considered the security industry’s premier launching pad for new products and technologies, ISC West hosts more than 26,000 global security product manufacturers and professionals each spring in Las Vegas. This year the event will be held at the Las Vegas Sands Expo, April 2-4. ISC West attendees are invited to visit Open Options Booth 6103 to experience the latest in access control software – Open Options’ DNA Fusion V6 – on its various platforms including the new Fusion Web and Fusion Mobile applications. New features and enhancements to DNA Fusion V6 include: Flex API (Application Programming Interface) – Provides a robust mechanism for external parties to develop an interface into DNA Fusion to accomplish a myriad of tasks or receive information. Fusion Mobile – Manage access control security “on-the-go” from Apple and Android smartphones. Fusion Web – Manage access control security from the web (supports most browsers). New Biometric Integrations – Full support for Schlage Handkey II geometry reader and direct interface for the new Bioscrypt 4G Series readers. Wireless Intelligent Lock Interfaces – With ASSA ABLOY WiFi and PoE locks, ASSA ABLOY Aperio, Salto Wireless locks, and provides extended features for Schalge AD Series Wireless locks. New Video Integrations – Aimetis, Video Next, Video Insight Open Options will feature successful integration partners and products at ISC West, including an exciting new product from Zwipe – the first contactless card with full on-card fingerprint scanning and matching functionality. Other partner highlights will include Allegion AD-Series lock interface, ASSA ABLOY Wifi lock interface, aptiQ Mobile NFC credentials, HID cards and readers, and Salto Systems.
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