|Video cameras across the county help law enforcement ensure safer streets and more livable neighborhoods
Throughout Orlando and Orange County, Florida, video cameras help law enforcement ensure safer streets and more livable neighborhoods. Implementation of the area's IP-based video surveillance system began about two years ago, starting small with approximately 17 cameras in the first phase. Since then, the number of cameras has grown to 150 active cameras in a regional video system covering the city of Orlando and Orange County. Keeping in step with technology and municipal security needs, the cameras in use have migrated toward higher-resolution models.
From the beginning, an IP-based video management software solution supplied by OnSSI has enabled the Orlando Police Department to create a fully featured video surveillance network that can control and record video from hundreds of cameras, now and in the future, as well as automatically display or “push” video to monitors or even hand-held devices from any camera in an alarm situation.
OnSSI's Ocularis IP Video Management solution is an open-architecture, non-proprietary, video-centric software platform that allows viewing, management and recording of video in the Orlando system from an unlimited number of IP and non-IP video surveillance cameras. Ocularis also allows for video storage management and can correlate and fuse video and non-video events and alerts, resulting in automatic video delivery to anyone who wants or needs to see it.
Help and Input from the Community
Funding for Orlando's Innovative Response to Improve Safety (IRIS) video surveillance program has included a combination of federal grants and private donations. Helping to pay for the system, Urban Areas Security Initiative (UASI) grants have been provided under a Department of Homeland Security program to enhance regional preparedness in major metropolitan areas.
Contributions have also come from local businesses, including help from Target stores under its Safe City Program, which endorses a combination of technology and information-sharing tools to increase communication and effectiveness in crime prevention. Corporate help has also come from the Darden restaurant group, whose businesses include LongHorn, Olive Garden and Red Lobster.
|Higher-resolution camera models are now in place to meet technology and municipal security needs
Donations and partnerships with local businesses enabled OPD to install the first 17 IP cameras in 2009 and have continued to provide key resources as the system has grown. A partnership with the MetroWest Master Homeowners association paid for installation of nine cameras in the community; cameras which are monitored by the police department.
“We have a civilian review board that is very active,” says Detective Jeffery Blye of the Regional Electronic Surveillance Support Team of the Orlando Police Department. “They meet to talk about the system and to discuss deployment and incidents that have occurred.”
“Working with businesses and leaders throughout the community really helps us to reduce the Big Brother stigma of surveillance cameras by promoting understanding of how the system works and how it is being used,” Mr. Blye adds. “This contributes to the overall success of the project. We get input not just from law enforcement personnel but from the community, which is key to the success of any citywide deployment.”
Better images, easily accessible
OnSSI's software features Universal Camera Support and can accept video from practically any camera or encoder by any leading manufacturer. This allows the system in Orlando to integrate both best-in-breed and legacy analog equipment. The versatility of OnSSI allows Orlando and Orange County to choose cameras for their specific function rather than having to lock in on a specific brand. “We can be camera brand-agnostic, and don't have to use a certain brand but rather can purchase cameras based on system needs,” said Mr. Blye.
Sony cameras are used primarily at the street level and also in the Orlando citywide department; Panasonic and Axis models are also used. Recently, OPD has sought to take advantage of higher-resolution imaging, and newer camera models provide 1280x720 HD resolution, an improvement over the 4CIF resolution (704x480 pixels) that was previously the standard.
Video from the cameras is routed to two operations centers, one at the Orange County Sheriff's Department and another at the Orlando Police Department. The OPD operations center includes eight 46-in. LCD monitors, three 22-in. LCD touch-screen monitors and a video wall. There are two workstations for the video wall and mapping software, and the monitors and video wall display whatever video the operators want to see. Some views are of fixed locations and some show “tours” of multiple camera views.
Operators control cameras' pan-tilt-zoom (PTZ) functionality using Ocularis. On-board PTZ controls provide more in-depth monitoring and analysis. Motion detection for push video allows live video images to be sent to a cell phone or to pop up on the monitor at the command center. There is also an option for “blank screen technology” where screens will remain blank unless there is an incident. In this way, there are less monitors for operators to watch, which also means less need for hands-on operators.
|Operators control PTZ functionality of 150 installed cameras using OnSSI's Ocularis IP Video Management solution
Seven Dell servers with storage arrays provide capacity to store video for 30 days, and any evidence of an incident is archived. The use of H.264 compression has provided the ability to store more high-def images in the available 150 terabytes of storage for all the cameras, said Mr. Blye. The OnSSI system enables the OPD to use OTS (off the shelf) computers, which means they can quickly and easily replace or add to the system as resources permit.
The system operators are sworn police officers, including officers who were injured or are on restricted duty. They monitor areas of concern at specific times of the day, work to augment the efforts of patrol officers on-site, and look for activity among the various camera views based on their experience on the street.
The OPD has a proactive approach to using the technology; looking not only to react to crime but to locate crime before it occurs.
Numerous incidents have served to demonstrate the effectiveness of the system. One weekend evening, for example, a police officer monitoring a camera view in downtown Orlando was watching pedestrians loitering in an area and saw them beat and rob an intoxicated resident. The video provided a vehicle description and license plate number, which directed police to arrest the suspects. The system has also been used to foil numerous car burglaries in downtown areas and has contributed to many successful investigations.
Connected and Wireless System
The system is connected using roughly 90 percent fiber-optic cables and some wireless mesh connectivity. Mesh system technology is also used for special events, from rallies and protests to local fairs, carnivals and sporting events. Supplementing the permanently installed systems, the OPD uses a wireless mesh system, provided by Avrio Group and utilizing Firetide wireless equipment, which can be used for temporary installations.
A mobile command post includes an eight-camera system that can be deployed for a special event or in a specific area – based on crime statistics – to promote law enforcement. The video is sent wirelessly back to the OPD command center where operators can monitor the situation and control the cameras using the PTZ functions of the Ocularis software.
Map overlays are used with the OnSSI graphical user interface (GUI) that shows camera locations and directions to allow fast orientation and quick action for operators. Ocularis users benefit from an interface that can easily be used by non-technical operators.
“Operators can call up maps of the city, with icons of cameras, and touch the icon to see the camera view,” said Mr. Blye. “They actually see where the cameras are located geographically throughout the city.”
...the city and county overall are safer places to live and work with the help of video surveillance systems featuring management software from OnSSI
To promote ease of use, Ocularis features a touch screen-enabled interface complete with instant access to every camera, in any combination, powerful investigation tools and multi-operator, multi-site versatility. The system enables the citywide system to be proactive by providing tools to filter and promote understanding of video content. It is also responsive and helpful in case of an incident. Investigation tools allow police officer operators to learn easily what happened when there was any kind of crime or breach.
Any video source with an HTML interface can be included as a view in Ocularis; there is no need to go to another screen. The Orlando system is also looking to leverage existing OnSSI deployments in the area by partnering with entities such as hotels, hospitals and amusement parks to create a larger video system. The plan is to either interface outside recorders through Ocularis or to use the OpenSight function of Ocularis. OpenSight is an add-on to the Ocularis platform that grants a central monitoring system access to multiple video surveillance and security systems within a single interface.
More expansion planned
Because IP-based solutions open the door for linking systems and areas, Orlando schools, condo residences, shopping malls and any other facilities that have IP-based video surveillance systems can also be tied into the OnSSI system. The software allows an unlimited number of cameras to be supported and features open architecture to ease system integration.
Once funding is finalized, Agent Vi video analytics with the ability to read license plates will be incorporated into the system.
East of downtown Orlando, 20 cameras have also recently been installed at the Orlando Police department's gun range. The range has 55 lanes divided into three training bays, and two cameras are positioned per bay with other cameras installed at various locations for general risk management. Josh Mann, president of integrator Aware Digital, designed the system. When cabling is complete, the system will be monitored locally on-site, and plans are to eventually incorporate it into the larger system.
Orlando and Orange County emergency response times have been improved, alerts are precise and meaningful, and the city and county overall are safer places to live and work with the help of video surveillance systems featuring management software from OnSSI.